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Marshallian vs. Walrasian Stability in an Experimental Market

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  • Plott, Charles R
  • George, Glen
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    Abstract

    Twelve markets were studied. All markets had downward sloping supply functions created by Marshallian-type external economies in which the costs of individual firms increase with their own volume but decrease with the market volume of all other firms. The conditions were such that the model dp/dt = f (excess demand), typically called the Walrasian theory of dynamics, gives predictions about the dynamics of market behavior opposite of the model dq/dt = "phi" (demand price minus supply price), which is typically called the Marshallian theory. The market organizations studied were double auction, sealed bid/offer and (secant) tatonnement. In all cases the Marshallian theory of dynamics was the better model of market behavior. Copyright 1992 by Royal Economic Society.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Royal Economic Society in its journal The Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 102 (1992)
    Issue (Month): 412 (May)
    Pages: 437-60

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    Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:102:y:1992:i:412:p:437-60

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    Cited by:
    1. C.Mónica Capra & Tomomi Tanaka & ColinF. Camerer & Lauren Feiler & Veronica Sovero & CharlesN. Noussair, 2009. "The Impact of Simple Institutions in Experimental Economies with Poverty Traps," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(539), pages 977-1009, 07.
    2. Vivian Lei & Charles N. Noussair, 2007. "Equilibrium Selection in an Experimental Macroeconomy," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 448-482, October.
    3. Anderson, Christopher M. & Plott, Charles R. & Shimomura, K.-I.Ken-Ichi & Granat, Sander, 2004. "Global instability in experimental general equilibrium: the Scarf example," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 115(2), pages 209-249, April.
    4. Plott, Charles & Roy, Nilanjan & Tong, Baojia, 2013. "Marshall and Walras, disequilibrium trades and the dynamics of equilibration in the continuous double auction market," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 190-205.
    5. Ortmann, Andreas, 2003. "Charles R. Plott's collected papers on the experimental foundations of economic and political science," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 555-575, August.

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