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Continuing Conflict and Stalemate: A note

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  • Raul Caruso

    ()
    (Institute of Economic Policy, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore)

Abstract

This note is about the possibility of a stalemate in a continuing conflict. Following the prevailing economic literature on the topic, under some assumptions, the outcome of a conflict can be described in two ways: (i) a predetermined split of the contested output (ii) a winner-take-all contest where the winning agent is capable to grab all the contested stake. By contrast, in reality many disputes do not have a clear or a definite outcome. A stalemate can end the conflict with the result of a draw. To allow for a stalemate some formal modifications to the classical Hirshleifer's model of conflict are needed. In particular, since the cornerstone of the economic literature on conflict is the Contest Success Function the possibility of a stalemate can be captured through a modified form of the CSF as axiomatized by Blavatskyy (2004). When a stalemate can emerge, results show that the scenario exhibits a higher degree of violence.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

Volume (Year): 4 (2007)
Issue (Month): 17 ()
Pages: 1-8

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Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-07d70005

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Keywords: Conflict;

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References

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  2. Charles H. Anderton, 2000. "An Insecure Economy under Ratio and Logistic Conflict Technologies," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), Peace Science Society (International), vol. 44(6), pages 823-838, December.
  3. Caruso, Raul, 2007. "Conflict and Conflict Managment with Asymmetric Stakes (The Bad-Cop and the Good Cop part II)," MPRA Paper 1438, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Raul Caruso, 2008. "Reciprocity in the shadow of threat," International Review of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 55(1), pages 91-111, April.
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  8. Skaperdas, Stergios, 1996. "Contest Success Functions," Economic Theory, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 283-90, February.
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  12. Raul Caruso, 2004. "A Trade Institution as a Peaceful Institution?," Others, EconWPA 0406003, EconWPA, revised 15 Dec 2004.
  13. Grossman, Herschel I & Kim, Minseong, 1995. "Swords or Plowshares? A Theory of the Security of Claims to Property," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(6), pages 1275-88, December.
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  17. Skaperdas, Stergios, 1992. "Cooperation, Conflict, and Power in the Absence of Property Rights," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 720-39, September.
  18. Jack Hirshleifer, 1989. "Conflict and rent-seeking success functions: Ratio vs. difference models of relative success," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 63(2), pages 101-112, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Caruso, Raul, 2012. "Differentials in Property Rights in a two sector-economy," NEPS Working Papers, Network of European Peace Scientists 2/2012, Network of European Peace Scientists.
  2. Hosli Madeleine O. & Hoekstra Anke, 2013. "What Fosters Enduring Peace? An Analysis of Factors Influencing Civil War Resolution," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 19(2), pages 123-155, August.
  3. Caruso, Raul, 2007. "A Tentative Model of Conflict, Appropriation and Production in a two-sector Economy," MPRA Paper 4053, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Caruso, Raul, 2007. "Recirpcity in the shadow of Threat," MPRA Paper 1788, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Caruso Raul, 2011. "On the Nature of Peace Economics," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 16(2), pages 1-13, January.
  6. Stauvermann Peter J., 2012. "Accumulation and Growth in the Shadow of Conflicts," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 18(1), pages 1-30, April.
  7. Caruso, Raul, 2011. "International Relative Prices and Civil Wars in Sub-Saharan Africa. Theory and Evidence over the period (1995-2006)," MPRA Paper 29761, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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