A Game Theoretic Approach to Cross-Border VAT Evasion within EU Member States and its Relationship with the Black Economy
AbstractThe interruption of the VAT chain at national borders makes several types of tax fraud possible. One is the multi stages black VAT chain in the domestic markets of various countries, which facilitates the development of a black economy favouring the evasion of income tax, social security contributions and other market regulations, including the protection of intellectual property and of brands. We devise a stylised model of Nash equilibrium-black chain for the “VAT-free goods”, depicting its effects on both market prices and illegal gains for fraudsters. The policy implications of the model aiming to contrast the black economy are analysed.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance in its journal Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP).
Volume (Year): 42 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (September)
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Web page: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/economic-analysis-and-policy/
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VAT evasion; Direct tax evasion; Nash equilibrium-black chain;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
- H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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- Marrelli, M. & Martina, R., 1988. "Tax evasion and strategic behaviour of the firms," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 55-69, October.
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- Silvia Fedeli & Francesco Forte, 2012. "Border Tax Adjustment without Borders: The EU Carousel of VAT Fraud," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 2, pages 55-70, November.
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