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Business Cycle Dynamics

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  • Sebastian Wende

    ()
    (University of Adelaide, Ground Floor, Napier Building, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia)

Abstract

This paper attempts to simulate endogenous cyclical behaviour through variations on the standard real business models. This paper relaxes the perfect foresight assumption implied by the rational agent hypothesis. It is replaced by imperfect adaptive expectations. The model is extended with a delay between investment and capital accumulation. This paper also simulates a non-equilibrium time-differential wage adjustment in a model economy. The models show that the boom produced by a single positive technology shock can be followed by the equivalent of a recession. The models are solved using numerical methods for differential equations, which allow for non-linear dynamics, as opposed to the usual log linearisation.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance in its journal Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP).

Volume (Year): 39 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (September)
Pages: 205-234

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Handle: RePEc:eap:articl:v39:y:2009:i:2:p:205-234

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Related research

Keywords: Endogenous cyclical behaviour; solving dynamic general equilibrium models and adaptive expectations;

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References

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  1. Hansen, Lars Peter & Sargent, Thomas J., 1980. "Formulating and estimating dynamic linear rational expectations models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 7-46, May.
  2. Weder, Mark, 2004. "Near-rational expectations in animal spirits models of aggregate fluctuations," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 249-265, March.
  3. Farmer Roger E. A. & Guo Jang-Ting, 1994. "Real Business Cycles and the Animal Spirits Hypothesis," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 42-72, June.
  4. Weder, Mark, 2003. "On the plausibility of sunspot equilibria," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 65-81, March.
  5. Timothy Cogley & James M. Nason, 1993. "Output dynamics in real business cycle models," Working Papers in Applied Economic Theory 93-10, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  6. Wen, Yi, 1998. "Capacity Utilization under Increasing Returns to Scale," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 7-36, July.
  7. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1982. "Time to Build and Aggregate Fluctuations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1345-70, November.
  8. King, Robert G. & Plosser, Charles I. & Rebelo, Sergio T., 1988. "Production, growth and business cycles : I. The basic neoclassical model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 195-232.
  9. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1975. "An Equilibrium Model of the Business Cycle," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(6), pages 1113-44, December.
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