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Socioeconomic Determinants Of School Progression In Pakistan

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  • SIDDIQUI, Anjum
  • IRAM, Uzma
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    Abstract

    Low enrollment and high drop out rates can best be understood by examining a range of socioeconomic factors that affect school progression from primary through secondary to post secondary schools in Pakistan. The study employs a sequential approach which captures the different opportunity costs of education at successive levels of schooling attained by students. The results show that child characteristics, parent’s education and household level variables are important determinants of child school progression. Household income and parent’s education are significantly and positively related to child schooling. The child’s own age as well as the number of siblings (up to age 18) are negatively related to the schooling decision and are an important factor in low enrollment rates and high incidence of dropouts. It was also found that the provision of government schools appeared to be an important predictor of enrollment in Pakistan. The study thus infers that a number of socio economic variables which capture or affect “poverty” are intimately related to the school progression decision.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Applied Econometrics and International Development.

    Volume (Year): 7 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 179-192

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    Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:7:y:2007:i:2_16

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    Related research

    Keywords: Child Schooling; School Progression; Socioeconomic Factors; Sequential Probit Model; Parent’s education; Sibling composition;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Sarmistha Pal, 2003. "Child Schooling in Peru: Evidence From A Sequential Analysis of School Progression," Labor and Demography 0309001, EconWPA.
    2. T. Paul Schultz, 1993. "Investments in the Schooling and Health of Women and Men: Quantities and Returns," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(4), pages 694-734.
    3. Schultz, T.P., 1990. "Returns To Women'S Education," Papers 603, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
    4. Sawada, Yasayuki & Lokshin, Michael, 2001. "Household schooling decisions in rural Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2541, The World Bank.
    5. Usha Jayachandran, 2002. "Socio-Economic Determinants of School Attendance in India," Working papers 103, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
    6. Ray, Ranjan, 2000. "Child Labor, Child Schooling, and Their Interaction with Adult Labor: Empirical Evidence for Peru and Pakistan," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 347-67, May.
    7. Hartog,Joop & Maassen van den Brink,Henriëtte (ed.), 2007. "Human Capital," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521873161.
    8. Behrman, Jere R. & Wolfe, Barbara L., 1987. "Investments in schooling in two generations in pre-revolutionary Nicaragua : The roles of family background and school supply," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1-2), pages 395-419, October.
    9. Alderman, Harold & Behrman, Jere R. & Khan, Shahrukh & Ross, David R. & Sabot, Richard, 1996. "Decomposing the regional gap in cognitive skills in rural Pakistan," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 49-76.
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    Cited by:
    1. Toseef Azid & Rana Ejaz Ali Khan, 2010. "Who are the children going to school in Urban Punjab (Pakistan)?," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(6), pages 442-465, May.

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