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A Note on Polio Count: Some empirical evidence from India

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  • Mukherjee, D.

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Abstract

Although the world wide global polio eradication program aimed at exterminating the disease by the year 2003, seven countries including India are still considered to be polio endemic. India witnessed a polio explosion during the year 2002. In recent years there is definite evidence in favor of importations of polio from these seven countries to other countries as well. Certified polio free nations also continue to face the risk of transmission until the disease is completely eradicated. Using a negative binomial model which corrects for overdispersion problem in count data, this paper examines various factors affecting the polio count in India. Expenditure on the polio eradication program which includes cost of vaccination and the other related costs has a significantly negative impact on polio counts as expected. The paper calculates the expenditure elasticity of polio count which is important from the point of view of policy making.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Applied Econometrics and International Development.

Volume (Year): 6 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:6:y:2006:i:3_18

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Related research

Keywords: Poisson; negative binomial; polio; immunization expenditure;

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  1. Cameron, A Colin & Trivedi, Pravin K, 1986. "Econometric Models Based on Count Data: Comparisons and Applications of Some Estimators and Tests," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 1(1), pages 29-53, January.
  2. Nichter, Mark, 1995. "Vaccinations in the third world: A consideration of community demand," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 617-632, September.
  3. Sonalde Desai & Soumya Alva, 1998. "Maternal education and child health: Is there a strong causal relationship?," Demography, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 71-81, February.
  4. Cameron, A C & P. K. Trivedi & Frank Milne & J. Piggott, 1988. "A Microeconometric Model of the Demand for Health Care and Health Insurance in Australia," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 85-106, January.
  5. Robert W. Fogel, 1984. "Nutrition and the Decline in Mortality Since 1700: Some Preliminary Findings," NBER Working Papers 1402, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Gauri, Varun & Khaleghian, Peyvand, 2002. "Immunization in Developing Countries: Its Political and Organizational Determinants," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(12), pages 2109-2132, December.
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