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Economic growth and cycles: Cross-country models of education, industry and fertility and international comparisons

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  • Guisan, M.Carmen
  • Aguayo, Eva
  • Exposito, Pilar

Abstract

The aim of this article is to point out the importance of education on a sustained economic development strategy, having into account inter-sector relations and the influence of education in the growth of production per head. Three cross-country models are presented. The first model relates the diminution of excessively high fertility rates with increases in the educative level of population. The second model relates value-added in the services sector with the internal production of industry and agriculture, as well as with foreign trade and changes in population. The third model relates the industrial development with the educative level of population and foreign trade. We analyse, from a worldwide view, the evolution of real Gross Domestic Product (Gdp), Population and Gdp per inhabitant (Gdph). USA, Japan, the European Union, Latin America, Africa, China, India, and other areas of Europe and Asia-Pacific are considered, and the main differences in the levels of Gdph are explained, having into account the results of the cross-country models. The main conclusions highlight the necessity of new international policies for improving the educative level of population in less developed countries. .

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Applied Econometrics and International Development.

Volume (Year): 1 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 9-37

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:1:y:2001:i:1_1

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  1. Susanto Basu & Alan M. Taylor, 1999. "Business Cycles in International Historical Perspective," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 45-68, Spring.
  2. Guisan, M.Carmen & Exposito, Pilar, 2002. "Economic Growth and Cycles in Asia and Africa in the 20th Century," Review on Economic Cycles, International Association of Economic Cycles, vol. 5(1), December.
  3. Summers, Robert & Heston, Alan, 1991. "The Penn World Table (Mark 5): An Expanded Set of International Comparisons, 1950-1988," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 327-68, May.
  4. Lee, Jong-Wha & Barro, Robert J, 2001. "Schooling Quality in a Cross-Section of Countries," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 68(272), pages 465-88, November.
  5. Lawrence F. Katz & Claudia Goldin, 2001. "The Legacy of U.S. Educational Leadership: Notes on Distribution and Economic Growth in the 20th Century," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 18-23, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Bildirici, M. & Orcan, M. & Sunal, S. & Aykaç, E., 2005. "Determinants of Human Capital Theory, Growth and Brain Drain: An Econometric Analysis for 77 Countries," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 5(2).
  2. EL-MEFLEH, Muhannad A. & SHOTAR, Manhal M., 2008. "A Contribution To The Analysis Of The Economic Growth Of Qatar," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 8(1), pages 147-154.
  3. Guisan, M.C., 2013. "Macro-Econometric Models Of Supply And Demand: Industry, Trade And Wages In 6 Countries, 1960-2012," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 13(2), pages 45-56.
  4. OSAKWE, Patrick N, 2007. "Export Diversification And The Dilemma Of African Development," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 7(2), pages 143-154.
  5. Eberechukwu UNEZE, 2011. "Foreign Aid And The Real Exchange Rate In The West African Economic And Monetary Union (Waemu)," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(1).
  6. Guisán, M.C. & Expósito, P., 2004. "Econometric Models and Evolution of Agrarian and non Agrarian Employment in OECD Countries, 1950-2000," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(1), pages 123-138.
  7. Lamelas, N., 2004. "The evolution of structural female employment and higher education in Venezuela, 1975-2000," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(2).
  8. Piñeiro, J. & Khan, H.A. & Melikyan, D.N. & Tamazian, A. , 2005. "Financial Market Efficiency, Institutions and Growth: An international Econometric Analysis for 1997-2002," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 5(2).
  9. Arranz, M., 2002. "Evolucion Del Consumo Privado en Los Paises de la OCDE en 1970-1994: Modelos econometricos de analisis de elasticidades," Economic Development 56, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics..
  10. Guisán, M.C. & Expósito, P, 2011. "Regional Employment and Unemployment by Gender in Spain in comparison with other European Countries," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(1).
  11. Miles, W., 2004. "Human Capital and Economic Growth: A Quantile Regression Approach," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(2).
  12. Aka, B.F., 2004. "Do WAEMU Countries Exhibit a Regional Business Cycle?. A Simulated Markov Switching Model for a Western Africa area," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 4(4).
  13. KAMGNIA, Dia B., 2009. "Growth Intensity Of Employment In Africa: A Panel Data Approach," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(2).
  14. Guisan, M.C. & Exposito, P., 2006. "Production by sector in China, India and OECD Countries, 1985-2005," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 6(2).
  15. GUISAN, Maria-Carmen & AGUAYO, Eva, 2011. "Women Participation, Quality Of Government And Economic Development In Europe, 2000-2007," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(1).
  16. GUISAN, Maria-Carmen, 2009. "Education, Health And Economic Development: A Survey Of Quantitative Economic Studies, 2001-2009," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(1), pages 129-148.
  17. Guisan, M.Carmen & Aguayo, Eva & Exposito, Pilar, 2001. "Education and World Development in 1900-1999: A General View and Challenges for the Near Future," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(1), pages 101-110.
  18. KONYA, Laszlo & GUISAN, Maria-Carmen, 2008. "What Does The Human Development Index Tell Us About Convergence?," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 8(1), pages 19-40.
  19. POPKOVA, Elena, 2014. "New Prospects Of Economic Growth In Context Of Underdevelopment Whirlpools Phenomena," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 14(1), pages 5-20.
  20. Eberechukwu UNEZE, 2011. "Foreign Aid And The Real Exchange Rate In The West African Economic And Monetary Union (Waemu)," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(2).

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