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China’s Exports and Foreign Direct Investment

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  • Bhatt, P.R.
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    Abstract

    The objectives of the paper are to study foreign direct investment dimensions of China and to study causal relationship between exports, FDI and GDP. Vector autoregression model (VAR) is adopted to estimate the long run causal relationship among exports, foreign direct investment and GDP. The cointegration test result shows that there exist a long run equilibrium relationship among exports, FDI and GDP. In the estimated error correction model, FDI is a significant variable and the result indicates that 1% change of increase in FDI will lead to 0.04% change of increase in exports with one year time gap. Granger Causality test indicates that there is a unilateral relationship between exports and FDI and the direction is from FDI to exports which mean that FDI causes exports.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Applied Econometrics and International Development.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 183-196

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    Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:13:y:2013:i:2_13

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    Related research

    Keywords: FDI; Exports; China; Error Correction Model; Cointegration; Granger Causality.;

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    1. Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-80, November.
    2. James R. Markusen & Anthony J. Venables, 1996. "The Theory of Endowment, Intra-Industry, and Multinational Trade," NBER Working Papers 5529, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Helleiner, Gerald K, 1973. "Manufactured Exports from Less-Developed Countries and Multinational Firms," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 83(329), pages 21-47, March.
    4. Hubert Janicki & Phanindra Wunnava, 2004. "Determinants of foreign direct investment: empirical evidence from EU accession candidates," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(5), pages 505-509.
    5. Laura Resmini, 2000. "The Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in the CEECs: New evidence from sectoral patterns," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 8(3), pages 665-689, November.
    6. Nguyen Thanh Xuan & Yuqing Xing, 2008. "Foreign direct investment and exports," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 16(2), pages 183-197, 04.
    7. Thornton, John, 1996. "Cointegration, causality and export-led growth in Mexico, 1895-1992," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 413-416, March.
    8. John Dunning, 2001. "The Eclectic (OLI) Paradigm of International Production: Past, Present and Future," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 173-190.
    9. Veugelers, Reinhilde, 1991. "Locational Determinants and Ranking of Host Countries: An Empirical Assessment," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(3), pages 363-82.
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