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Technology Gap, Catching-up and Outward Orientation: Analysis of 63 countries

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  • Kris IYER
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the determinants of technological catching-up across 63 countries over the period 1982-2000 using a two staged approach. In the first stage, a measure of the technology gap between countries and the global technology frontier is computed. A positive growth of this measure is interpreted as technological catching-up. In the second stage, technology gap and technological catching-up are regressed against trade openness, FDI inflows and FDI outflows, domestic R&D, and human capital. Two main findings emerge. First, technologically backward countries catch-up faster. Second, FDI inflows, trade openness and human capital have positive effects on closing the technology gap.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Applied Econometrics and International Development.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:11:y:2011:i:2_1

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    Related research

    Keywords: Metafrontier; technology gap; catching-up; absorptive capacity; foreign direct investment.;

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    References

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    1. Wolfgang Keller, 1996. "Are International R&D Spillovers Trade-related? Analyzing Spillovers among Randomly Matched Trade Partners," International Trade 9608002, EconWPA.
    2. Archibugi, Daniele & Coco, Alberto, 2004. "A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries (ArCo)," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 629-654, April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Aye, G.C. & Goswami, S. & Gupta, R., 2013. "Metropolitan House Prices In Regions of India: Do They Converge?," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 13(1), pages 135-144.
    2. Rashid NIKZAD, 2014. "Revisiting the Impacts of Domestic and Foreign Technology Spillovers on Canadian Industries, 1978-1997," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 14(1), pages 73-86.
    3. Goodness C. Aye & Samrat Goswami & Rangan Gupta, 2012. "Metropolitan House Prices In India: Do They Converge?," Working Papers 201220, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.

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