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Ökosteuer hat zu geringerer Umweltbelastung des Verkehrs beigetragen

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  • Viktor Steiner
  • Johanna Cludius
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    Abstract

    Allein durch die ökologische Steuerreform sind die Preise für Benzin und Diesel zwischen 1998 und 2003 in Deutschland in mehreren Schritten um über 20 Prozent gestiegen. Der Großteil des aus der Erhöhung der Energiesteuersätze resultierenden Aufkommens wurde zur Stabilisierung der Rentenversicherungsbeiträge verwendet. Hat die Ökosteuer neben diesem fiskalischen Ziel auch einen Beitrag zur nachhaltigen Reduktion des Verkehrsaufkommens der privaten Haushalte in Deutschland, somit zur Verringerung der CO2- Emissionen und damit zum Erreichen des deutschen Kyoto-Ziels beigetragen? Die Beantwortung dieser Fragen setzt die Kenntnis der Preiselastizität der Verkehrsnachfrage in Deutschland voraus, für die bisher kaum Schätzungen vorliegen. In einer neuen DIW Studie wurde diese Preiselastizität auf der Basis von Haushaltsdaten berechnet. Unsere Ergebnisse legen nahe, dass die gefahrenen Kilometer durchaus auf Benzinpreisänderungen reagieren. Eine Ökosteuer im Verkehrssektor allein kann aber kein Klimaretter sein. Sie ist nur eines von vielen Instrumenten im umweltpolitischen Mix.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Wochenbericht.

    Volume (Year): 77 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 13/14 ()
    Pages: 2-7

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    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:77-13-1

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    Related research

    Keywords: Ecological taxation; Gasoline tax; Price elasticity for miles traveled;

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    Cited by:
    1. Nitzsche, Eric & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2013. "Efficiency of speed limits in cities: A spatial computable general equilibrium assessment," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 23-48.
    2. Georg Hirte & Stefan Tscharaktschiew, 2012. "The optimal subsidy on electric vehicles in a metropolitan area - a SCGE study for Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa12p324, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Hirte, Georg & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2013. "The optimal subsidy on electric vehicles in German metropolitan areas: A spatial general equilibrium analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 515-528.
    4. Tscharaktschiew, Stefan & Hirte, Georg, 2011. "Should subsidies to urban passenger transport be increased? A spatial CGE analysis for a German metropolitan area," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics 01/11, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.

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