Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Die Rolle staatlicher Institutionen in asiatischen Innovationssystemen

Contents:

Author Info

  • Georg Erber
  • Harald Hagemann

Abstract

The economic growth of a country depends more and more on its capacity to innovate. Japan, South Korea and the P. R. of China acquire an increasing importance in the global location competition besides some smaller Asian threshold economies. Other countries such as India make also an effort to bring in their great potential of human capital as a location factor on a global level. In these countries major reforms of public institutions are made to increase the efficiency of national innovation policies in particular with regard towards the United States and Western Europe. We can observe that in Japan the government increases the steering potential on the innovation system via a Council for Science and Technology which is presided by the Prime Minister. In South Korea the President chairs the National Science and Technology Council which aims in particular for a better international linking of the Korean innovation system. The P.R. of China has started to develop an independent national strategy for the Hightech area only with a significant time lag. Currently the central government focuses its activities on the development of national research institutes and the remigration of Chinese scientists from abroad, particularly the U.S. Das Wirtschaftswachstum eines Landes hängt immer stärker von dessen Innovationsfähigkeit ab. Japan, Südkorea und die Volksrepublik China gewinnen neben einigen kleineren asiatischen Schwellenländern eine zunehmende Bedeutung im globalen Standortwettbewerb. Andere Länder wie Indien sind gleichfalls bestrebt, ihr großes Humankapitalpotential weltweit als Standortfaktor einzusetzen. Um insbesondere gegenüber den USA sowie den westeuropäischen Ländern ihre Wettbewerbsfähigkeit zu steigern, werden dort umfangreiche Reformen der staatlichen Institutionen zur effektiveren Gestaltung nationaler Innovationspolitik vorgenommen. Dabei ist in Japan zu beobachten, dass über ein Council for Science and Technology Policy (CSTP) unter dem Vorsitz des Ministerpräsidenten die Steuerungsmöglichkeiten auf das Innovationssystem gesteigert werden sollen. In Südkorea findet über das National Science und Technology Council (NSTC) unter dem Vorsitz des Präsidenten eine analoge Steuerung statt, die insbesondere die internationale Vernetzung des südkoreanischen Innovationssystems deutlich verbessern soll. Die VR China hat erst mit deutlichem zeitlichen Rückstand begonnen, eine eigenständige nationale Strategie für den Hochtechnologiebereich zu entwickeln. Derzeit konzentriert die Zentralregierung ihre Aktivitäten auf den Ausbau nationaler Forschungseinrichtungen und die Rückgewinnung von hochqualifizierten chinesischen Wissenschaftlern aus dem Ausland, insbesondere den USA.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.77.2.95
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 77 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 95-112

as in new window
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:77-2-7

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Mohrenstraße 58, D-10117 Berlin
Phone: xx49-30-89789-0
Fax: xx49-30-89789-200
Email:
Web page: http://www.diw.de/en
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Innovation Systems; globalization; PR China; Japan; South Korea;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:77-2-7. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.