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Eingliederungszuschüsse und Entgeltsicherung für Ältere: Analysen auf Basis natürlicher Experimente

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  • Andreas Ammermüller
  • Bernhard Boockmann
  • Michael Maier
  • Thomas Zwick

Abstract

This paper describes the results of an evaluation of integration subsidies (Eingliederungszuschuss) and wage subsidies (Entgeltsicherung) for older employees in Germany. We examine if unemployed eligible to these subsidies get work earlier than in a situation without these instruments of active labour market policy. The results of this evaluation were obtained on the basis of natural experiments using the most comprehensive data source available in Germany for these purposes, the integrated employment histories (IEB). Our estimations show that there are few deadweight losses and that additional jobs have been created for the eligible group by integration subsidies. There are no significant effects of wage subsidies, however. Dieses Papier beschreibt Ergebnisse einer Evaluation von Eingliederungszuschüssen (EGZ) und Entgeltsicherung für ältere Arbeitnehmer. Es wird untersucht, ob förderberechtigte Personen im Vergleich zur Situation ohne diese Instrumente früher aus Arbeitslosigkeit in Beschäftigung wechseln. Die Ergebnisse der Evaluation wurden auf Basis natürlicher Experimente und unter Verwendung der reichhaltigsten Datenquelle in Deutschland, den Integrierten Erwerbsbiographien (IEB), bestimmt. Die Schätzungen weisen nicht auf Mitnahmeeffekte hin und zeigen, dass durch die Förderung durch EGZ zusätzliche Arbeitsplätze entstanden. Für die Entgeltsicherung ergeben sich keine signifikanten Effekte.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 75 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 49-66

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:75-3-4

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  1. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:37:i:1:p:53-63 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Marco Caliendo & Viktor Steiner, 2005. "Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Bestandsaufnahme und Bewertung der mikroökonomischen Evaluationsergebnisse," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 515, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Imbens, Guido W & Angrist, Joshua D, 1994. "Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 62(2), pages 467-75, March.
  4. Ive MARX, 2001. "Job subsidies and cuts in employers' social security contributions: The verdict of empirical evaluation studies," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, International Labour Organization, vol. 140(1), pages 69-83, 03.
  5. Ashenfelter, Orley C, 1978. "Estimating the Effect of Training Programs on Earnings," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 60(1), pages 47-57, February.
  6. Reinhard Hujer & Marco Caliendo, 2003. "Lohnsubventionen in Deutschland: wie sieht eine optimale Evaluierungsstrategie aus?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(1), pages 109-123.
  7. Caliendo, Marco & Hujer, Reinhard & Thomsen, Stephan L., 2005. "The Employment Effects of Job Creation Schemes in Germany: A Microeconometric Evaluation," IZA Discussion Papers 1512, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Forslund, Anders & Johansson, Per & Lindqvist, Linus, 2004. "Employment subsidies - A fast lane from unemployment to work?," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2004:18, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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Cited by:
  1. Ebbinghaus, Bernhard & Eichhorst, Werner, 2006. "Employment Regulation and Labor Market Policy in Germany, 1991-2005," IZA Discussion Papers 2505, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Haan, Peter & Steiner, Viktor, 2006. "Making Work Pay for the Elderly Unemployed: Evaluating Alternative Policy Reforms for Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 2424, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Viktor Steiner, 2007. "Beschäftigungsförderung und Einkommenssicherung im Niedriglohnbereich: Wege und Irrwege," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 747, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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