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Finanzpolitik und Wiedervereinigung: Bilanz nach 10 Jahren


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  • Stefan Bach
  • Dieter Vesper


Die deutsche Vereinigung hat die Finanzpolitik vor große Herausforderungen gestellt. Die Modernisierung der Infrastruktur und des privatwirtschaftlichen Kapitalstocks mussten unterstützt werden. Hier hat es große Fortschritte gegeben, wenn auch bei der Infrastruktur weiterhin erheblicher Nachholbedarf besteht. Ferner musste der Einbruch bei Produktion und Beschäftigung sozialpolitisch abgefedert werden. All dies hat erhebliche finanzielle Belastungen für den Bund und für die westdeutschen Länder mit sich gebracht. Doch ist die Integration der neuen Länder in die allgemeinen Finanzausgleichssysteme grundsätzlich gelungen. Die nach wie vor geringe Wirtschaftskraft schwächt die Finanzkraft der Gebietskörperschaften in den neuen Ländern, die auch künftig auf Transfers aus dem Westen angewiesen sind. Ein gewichtiger Fehler war die weitgehende Kreditfinanzierung der Vereinigungskosten. Dies hat die Staatsverschuldung sehr stark ausgeweitet und die Handlungsspielräume der Finanzpolitik erheblich einschränkt.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 69 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 194-224

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:69-20-5

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Cited by:
  1. Truger, Achim, 2003. "Germany's Poor Economic Performance in the Last Decade: It's the Macroeconomy, not Institutional Sclerosis," WSI Discussion Papers 118, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut (WSI), Hans-Böckler-Stiftung.
  2. Truger, Achim & Jacoby, Wade, 2002. "Tax Reforms and "Modell Deutschland": Lessons from Four Years of Red-Green Tax-Policy," Institute of European Studies, Working Paper Series qt31866224, Institute of European Studies, UC Berkeley.
  3. Konstantin Arkadievich Kholodilin & Boriss Siliverstovs & Stefan Kooths, 2008. "A Dynamic Panel Data Approach to the Forecasting of the GDP of German L�nder," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 195-207.
  4. Claro, Sebastian, 2006. "Supporting inefficient firms with capital subsidies: China and Germany in the 1990s," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 377-401, June.
  5. Sebastián Claro, 2002. "On the Costs and Effectiveness of Tarjeting State Employment: Germany in the 1990s and China in the 2000s," Documentos de Trabajo 218, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..


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