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La banque à forme coopérative peut-elle soutenir durablement la compétition avec la banque SA?


Author Info

  • Jean-Noël Ory

    (Université de Metz)

  • Mireille Jaeger

    (Université de Nancy 2)

  • Emmanuelle Gurtner

    (Université de Nancy 2)


(VF)Alors que la littérature anglo-saxonne conclut majoritairement à l’inefficacité de la forme coopérative, la situation française semble faire figure d’exception. L’objectif du présent article est d'expliquer premièrement pourquoi la coopérative a pu être considérée comme une forme d’organisation inadaptée à l’environnement bancaire actuel (1). Deuxièmement, nous tenterons d’évaluer la portée et les limites théoriques de ces analyses et de mesurer l’efficacité des banques coopératives dans le cas français (2). Enfin, nous nous interrogerons sur la pérennité de leur stratégie de développement récente (3).(VA)The Anglo-american literature generally concludes that cooperative banks are inefficient and doomed to disappear. In France however, the situation seems quite different. We analyze why and how cooperative banks have been considered as inefficient (1). Then we focus on French cooperative banks and try to measure their efficiency and competitiveness (2). Last, we discuss whether recent changes in the emerging cooperative groups are compatible with their development strategy (3).

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

Volume (Year): 9 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 121-157

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Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q2:p:121-157

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Keywords: banques coopératives; efficacité; performance; gouvernement d’entreprise; stratégie bancaire; architecture organisationnelle; cooperative and mutual banks; efficiency; performance; governance; strategy and organization; organizational architecture.;

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  1. Allen N. Berger & Loretta J. Mester, 1997. "Inside the Black Box: What Explains Differences in the Efficiencies of Financial Institutions?," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 97-04, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
  2. J.Cook & S.Deakin & A.Hughes, 2001. "Mutuality and Corporate Governance: The Evolution of UK Building Societies Following Deregulation," ESRC Centre for Business Research - Working Papers wp205, ESRC Centre for Business Research.
  3. William R. Emmons & Frank A. Schmid, 2000. "Bank competition and concentration: do credit unions matter?," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue May, pages 29-42.
  4. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, 1999. "Corporate Ownership Around the World," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 54(2), pages 471-517, 04.
  5. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Agency Problems and Residual Claims," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 327-49, June.
  6. Oliver Hart & John Moore, 1988. "Property Rights and the Nature of the Firm," Working papers 495, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. Fama, Eugene F. & Jensen, Michael C., 1985. "Organizational forms and investment decisions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 101-119, March.
  8. Henry Hansmann & Reinier Kraakman, 2000. "The End Of History For Corporate Law," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm136, Yale School of Management, revised 01 Feb 2001.
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Cited by:
  1. Jean-Baptiste Cartier, 2010. "Entre opposition fondamentale et convergence contrainte, quel avenir pour la banque mutualiste face à la banque SA ?," Post-Print halshs-00743737, HAL.
  2. Simon Cornée, 2014. "Soft Information and Default Prediction in Cooperative and Social Banks," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201402, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  3. Barry, Thierno Amadou & Tacneng, Ruth, 2014. "The Impact of Governance and Institutional Quality on MFI Outreach and Financial Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1-20.
  4. Pourchet, Alexandre & de Serres, Andrée & de Montmorillon, Bernard, 2014. "Une analyse néo-institutionnelle de l'évolution de la gouvernance et des activités métiers du Groupe Bancaire Coopératif en France," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/13773, Paris Dauphine University.


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