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Le caractère social du management stratégique des firmes d’une région ultrapériphérique:le cas de la Guadeloupe

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  • Charbel Macdissi

    (Université des Antilles et de la Guyane (Guadeloupe))

  • Taïeb Hafsi

    ()
    (HEC Montréal (Canada))

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    Abstract

    (VF)Les firmes en régions ultra-périphériques, très éloignées de l’Europe, ont des difficultés de développement économique. En raison d’un environnement institutionnel plus turbulent, la gestion des relations avec ce dernier prend une importance particulière. Nous présentons une recherche empirique sur la stratégie de 58 firmes en Guadeloupe qui montre que l’environnement institutionnel est déterminant pour leur survie économique. La gestion des rapports avec les organisations de l’État central et de ses composantes régionales apparaît dépendre surtout des caractéristiques des dirigeants. En particulier, la compréhension par ces derniers des dynamiques institutionnelles et leurs talents dans les rapports avec l’environnement institutionnel est un déterminant du succès. Nous en tirons quelques conséquences pour le management stratégique des firmes dans des pays en situation de transition.(VA) Firms in ultra-peripheral regions are located at a long distance from continental Europe. They face specific difficulties in their economic development. Firms in those regions have to tackle a more turbulent institutional environment than their counterparts in continental Europe, which suggests that the management of the relationship with such an environment takes on a great importance in the struggle for survival. We present an empirical study of the strategy of 58 firms in Guadeloupe and discuss how the institutional environment is indeed critical for success. We show that managing the relationship with the central State and its regional components is greatly affected by top managers’ characteristics. In particular, their understanding of the institutional environment is a determinant of success. In conclusion we extend our findings and discuss some implications for the strategic management of firms in transition economies.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by revues.org in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

    Volume (Year): 10 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 37-72

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    Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:10:y:2007:i:q4:p:37-72

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    Related research

    Keywords: environnement institutionnel; management stratégique; relations avec l’État; régions ultra-périphériques; remote (ultra-peripheral) regions; strategic management; institutional environment; relationship with the State.;

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    1. Huault, Isabelle, 2004. "Institutions et gestion," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/651, Paris Dauphine University.
    2. Ravi Ramamurti, 1987. "Performance Evaluation of State-Owned Enterprises in Theory and Practice," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 33(7), pages 876-893, July.
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