Concern Regarding the HIV/AIDS epidemic and Individual Childbearing
AbstractI examine if and how rural Malawians alter their childbearing as a consequence of concern regarding the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The paper is motivated by the debate which opposes two ideas regarding the childbearing effect of high HIV infection rates and heightened AIDS mortality: one, the acceleration of childbearing as individuals find themselves under time pressure to meet their reproductive goals and two, the decrease in childbearing as parents opt to avoid the risk of transmitting the virus. I find some evidence to support the hypothesis of reduced childbearing in the presence of high levels of worry regarding HIV/AIDS. However, this finding does not seem to apply to younger women, who are perhaps subject to relatively stronger childbearing promoting norms.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research Special Collections.
Volume (Year): 1 (2003)
Issue (Month): 10 (September)
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Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/
Africa - South of the Sahara; AIDS/HIV; childbearing; concern; fertility; Malawi; self-perceptions; worry;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
- Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General
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- Ankrah, E.Maxine, 1991. "AIDS and the social side of health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 967-980, January.
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