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Whose education affects a child’s nutritional status? From parents' to household's education

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Author Info

  • Francesco Burchi

    (German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Department II)

Abstract

The paper provides two contributions to the ongoing debate on the determinants of child nutrition in developing countries. First, based on data from Mozambique, it provides evidence of the externalities generated by the literacy of household members different from the child’s parents. Second, by means of seemingly unrelated regression together with formal testing, it shows that there is no statistically significant difference in the (positive) effect of parents’ education on two different indicators of child nutrition: height-for-age and weight-for-age. The presence of another literate member of the household, instead, affects only the children’s height. As a conclusion, the paper reinforces the evidence of the robust relationship between household’s education and child anthropometry, and highlights the need to include variables reflecting non-parents literacy/education, whose role is often neglected.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

Volume (Year): 27 (2012)
Issue (Month): 23 (November)
Pages: 681-704

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Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:27:y:2012:i:23

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Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

Related research

Keywords: Africa; anthropometric indicators; child nutrition; education; externalities; regression; seemingly unrelated regression;

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References

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  1. Monazza Aslam & Geeta Kingdon, 2010. "Parental Education and Child Health - Understanding the Pathways of Impact in Pakistan," CSAE Working Paper Series 2010-16, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  2. Gibson, John, 2001. "Literacy and Intrahousehold Externalities," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 155-166, January.
  3. Sonalde Desai & Soumya Alva, 1998. "Maternal education and child health: Is there a strong causal relationship?," Demography, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 71-81, February.
  4. Morales, Rolando & Aguilar, Ana Maria & Calzadilla, Alvaro, 2004. "Geography and culture matter for malnutrition in Bolivia," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 373-390, December.
  5. Garrett, James L. & Ruel, Marie T., 1999. "Are determinants of rural and urban food security and nutritional status different?," FCND discussion papers 65, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Alderman, Harold & Hentschel, Jesko & Sabates, Ricardo, 2003. "With the help of one's neighbors: externalities in the production of nutrition in Peru," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 56(10), pages 2019-2031, May.
  7. Frost, Michelle Bellessa & Forste, Renata & Haas, David W., 2005. "Maternal education and child nutritional status in Bolivia: finding the links," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 395-407, January.
  8. Paul Glewwe, 1999. "Why Does Mother's Schooling Raise Child Health in Developing Countries? Evidence from Morocco," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(1), pages 124-159.
  9. Magnus Lindelow, 2008. "Health as a Family Matter: Do Intra-household Education Externalities Matter for Maternal and Child Health?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(4), pages 562-585.
  10. Basu, Kaushik & Foster, James E, 1998. "On Measuring Literacy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(451), pages 1733-49, November.
  11. Burchi, Francesco, 2010. "Child nutrition in Mozambique in 2003: The role of mother's schooling and nutrition knowledge," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 331-345, December.
  12. Basu, Kaushik & Narayan, Ambar & Ravallion, Martin, 2001. "Is literacy shared within households? Theory and evidence for Bangladesh," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(6), pages 649-665, December.
  13. Patricia Medrano & Catherine Rodríguez & Edgar Villa, 2008. "Does Mother'S Education Matter In Child'S Health? Evidence From South Africa," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 76(4), pages 612-627, December.
  14. Christiaensen, Luc & Alderman, Harold, 2004. "Child Malnutrition in Ethiopia: Can Maternal Knowledge Augment the Role of Income?," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 52(2), pages 287-312, January.
  15. Luis Rubalcava & Dante Contreras, 2000. "Does Gender and Birth Order Matter when Parents Specialize in Child’s Nutrition? Evidence from Chile," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 353-386, November.
  16. Barrera, Albino, 1990. "The role of maternal schooling and its interaction with public health programs in child health production," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 69-91, January.
  17. Horton, Susan, 1988. "Birth Order and Child Nutritional Status: Evidence from the Philippines," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36(2), pages 341-54, January.
  18. Penders, Christopher L. & Staatz, John M. & Tefft, James F., 2000. "How does Agricultural Development Affect Child Nutrition in Mali?," Food Security International Development Policy Syntheses 11313, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  19. Duncan Thomas & John Strauss & Maria-Helena Henriques, 1991. "How Does Mother's Education Affect Child Height?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 26(2), pages 183-211.
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Cited by:
  1. Headey, Derek D. & Hoddinott, John F. & Ali, Disha & Tesfaye, Roman & Dereje, Mekdim, 2014. "The other asian enigma: Explaining the rapid reduction of undernutrition in Bangladesh:," IFPRI discussion papers 1358, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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