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Natural resources and rural livelihoods


Author Info

  • Raphael Nawrotzki

    (University of Colorado at Boulder)

  • Thomas W. Dickinson

    (University of Colorado at Boulder)

  • Lori Hunter

    (University of Colorado at Boulder)

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    This study explores the impact of natural resource availability on differences between migrants’ and non-migrants’ well-being in rural Madagascar. Data from the 2008/2009 Demographic and Health Survey are used in combination with satellite imagery of vegetation coverage to proxy access to natural resources. Multilevel models yield three key findings. First, migrants have, on average, greater financial, physical, human, and social capital than non-migrants, whereas urban-to-rural migrants do exceptionally well on all capital asset categories. Second, greater proximate natural resources are associated with greater financial, human, and social capital. Third, significant cross-level interactions suggest that the benefits of local natural capital vary between migrants and non-migrants.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

    Volume (Year): 26 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 24 (June)
    Pages: 661-700

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:26:y:2012:i:24

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    Related research

    Keywords: DHS; environment; length of residency; Madagascar; multilevel model; natural resources; NDVI; rural livelihoods; sustainable livelihood framework; urban to rural migration; vegetation;

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    1. Harley Browning & Waltraut Feindt, 1969. "Selectivity Of Migrants To A Metropolis In A Developing Country: A Mexican Case Study," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 347-357, November.
    2. Béland, Francois & Birch, Stephen & Stoddart, Greg, 2002. "Unemployment and health: contextual-level influences on the production of health in populations," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 55(11), pages 2033-2052, December.
    3. Birgitta Rabe, 2011. "Dual-earner migration. Earnings gains, employment and self-selection," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 477-497, April.
    4. Barbara Entwisle, 2007. "Putting people into place," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 44(4), pages 687-703, November.
    5. Frank Ellis, 1998. "Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 1-38.
    6. Aonghas St-Hilaire, 2002. "The Social Adaptation of Children of Mexican Immigrants: Educational Aspirations Beyond Junior High School," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 83(4), pages 1026-1043.
    7. Elizabeth Fussell & Douglas Massey, 2004. "The limits to cumulative causation: International migration from Mexican Urban Areas," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 151-171, February.
    8. Taryn Pereira & Charlie Shackleton & Sheona Shackleton, 2006. "Trade in reed-based craft products in rural villages in the Eastern Cape, South Africa," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(4), pages 477-495.
    9. Dercon, Stefan & De Weerdt, Joachim & Bold, Tessa & Pankhurst, Alula, 2006. "Group-based funeral insurance in Ethiopia and Tanzania," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 685-703, April.
    10. Blessing Mberu, 2006. "Internal migration and household living conditions in Ethiopia," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 14(21), pages 509-540, June.
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