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Demographic responses to short-term stress in a 19th century Tuscan population: The case of household out-migration

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Author Info

  • Marco Breschi

    (University of Sassari)

  • Alessio Fornasin

    (University of Udine)

  • Matteo Manfredini

    (University of Parma)

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    Abstract

    This paper deals with the relationship between household emigration and short-term crisis in a rural community of mid-19th century Tuscany. Based on a detailed reconstruction of individual and household life-histories, the paper shows the close relationship between household emigration and different kinds of short-term stresses, either economic, epidemiologic or within the household. Despite the different response by SES - with the poorest strata of the population much exposed to price changes and mortality crisis - the death of the household head appears as one of the most powerful factor of household emigration.

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    File URL: http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol25/15/25-15.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

    Volume (Year): 25 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 15 (August)
    Pages: 491-512

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:25:y:2011:i:15

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: emigration; household; Italy; sharecropping; short-term stress;

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    1. Dennis Hogan & David Kertzer, 1985. "Migration Patterns During Italian Urbanization, 1865-1921," Demography, Springer, vol. 22(3), pages 309-325, August.
    2. Bengtsson, Tommy & Broström, Göran, 2009. "Do conditions in early life affect old-age mortality directly and indirectly? Evidence from 19th-century rural Sweden," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 68(9), pages 1583-1590, May.
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