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Men’s and women’s migration in coastal Ghana

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Author Info

  • Holly E. Reed

    (City University of New York, Queens College)

  • Catherine S. Andrzejewski

    (Principia International)

  • Michael J. White

    (Brown University)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    This article uses life history calendar (LHC) data from coastal Ghana and event history statistical methods to examine inter-regional migration for men and women, focusing on four specific migration types: rural-urban, rural-rural, urban-urban, and urban-rural. Our analysis is unique because it examines how key determinants of migration—including education, employment, marital status, and childbearing—differ by sex for these four types of migration. We find that women are significantly less mobile than men overall, but that more educated women are more likely to move (particularly to urban areas) than their male counterparts. Moreover, employment in the prior year is less of a deterrent to migration among women. While childbearing has a negative effect on migration, this impact is surprisingly stronger for men than for women, perhaps because women’s search for assistance in childcare promotes migration. Meanwhile, being married or in union appears to have little effect on migration probabilities for either men or women. These results demonstrate the benefits of a LHC approach and suggest that migration research should further examine men’s and women’s mobility as it relates to both human capital and household and family dynamics, particularly in developing settings.

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    File URL: http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol22/25/22-25.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 25 (April)
    Pages: 771-812

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:22:y:2010:i:25

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: event history analysis; Ghana; life history; migration; Sub-Saharan Africa; urbanization;

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    References

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    1. Antoine, Philippe & Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Roubaud, François, 2001. "Contraints de rester jeune ? Evolution de l’insertion dans trois capitales africaines : Dakar, Yaoundé, Antananarivo," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4744, Paris Dauphine University.
    2. Jacqueline Agesa & Richard Agesa, 1999. "Gender differences in the incidence of rural to urban migration: Evidence from Kenya," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(6), pages 36-58.
    3. James P. Smith & Duncan Thomas, 2004. "On the Road: Marriage and Mobility in Malaysia," Labor and Demography 0403020, EconWPA.
    4. Porter, Gina, 2002. "Living in a Walking World: Rural Mobility and Social Equity Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 285-300, February.
    5. Agwanda, Alfred O. & Bocquier, Philippe & Khasakhala, Anne & Owuor, Samuel, 2004. "The effect of economic crisis on youth precariousness in Nairobi. An analysis of itinerary to adulthood of three generations of men and women," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4467, Paris Dauphine University.
    6. Beauchemin, Cris & Bocquier, Philippe, 2004. "Migration and Urbanization in Francophone West Africa: A review of the recent empirical evidence," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4536, Paris Dauphine University.
    7. Calves, Anne-Emmanuele & Schoumaker, Bruno, 2004. "Deteriorating Economic Context and Changing Patterns of Youth Employment in Urban Burkina Faso: 1980-2000," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1341-1354, August.
    8. Aderanti Adepoju, 2003. "Migration in West Africa," Development, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 46(3), pages 37-41, September.
    9. Dominique Tabutin & Bruno Schoumaker, 2004. "The Demography of Sub-Saharan Africa from the 1950s to the 2000s. A Survey of Changes and a Statistical Assessment," Population (english edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 59(3), pages 455-555.
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