Understanding low fertility in Poland
AbstractAfter the state socialist regime of Poland collapsed in 1989, the nationâ€™s total fertility rate plummeted from 2.1 to 1.27 by 2007. Simultaneously, Poland severely reduced social service provisions and restricted access to family planning. A three-month mixed-methods research study was conducted in 2007 in GdaÅ„sk to investigate Polish womenâ€™s reproductive intentions and decision making. These data reveal that discriminatory practices by employers against pregnant women and women with small children are decisive in womenâ€™s decisions to postpone or forego childbearing. The case of Poland demonstrates the urgent need to redress fundamental gendered discrimination in employment before work-family reconciliation policies can be effective.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.
Volume (Year): 21 (2009)
Issue (Month): 20 (October)
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Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/
childbearing; employment; employment discrimination; Europe; fertility; fertility decisions; gender equality; mixed methods; neoliberalism; Poland; postsocialism;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
- Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General
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