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Religious affiliation, religiosity, and male and female fertility

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  • Li Zhang

    (Virginia Commonwealth University)

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    Abstract

    Religious studies of fertility typically focus on the effect of religious affiliation on fertility; the role of religiosity in determining fertility remains overlooked. Meanwhile, most studies focus on studying female fertility; whether religion and religiosity have significantly different impacts on men’s and women’s fertility rarely has been examined. To fill these gaps, this study uses data from the 2002 NSFG Cycle 6 on religious affiliation, religiosity, and children ever born (CEB) for both men and women to investigate the effects of religious affiliation and religiosity on male and female fertility. A series of hypotheses which aim to demonstrate the critical role of religiosity, particularly the importance of religious beliefs in people’s daily life in shaping people’s fertility behavior are tested. The findings show a shrinking pattern of fertility differentials among religious groups. However, religiosity, particularly religious beliefs, shows a substantially positive effect on fertility. The gender interaction terms are not significant which indicates that the effects of religion and religiosity on fertility do not vary by gender.

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    File URL: http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol18/8/18-8.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 8 (April)
    Pages: 233-262

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:18:y:2008:i:8

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: fertility; interaction effect; male fertility; religion; religiosity; religious affiliation;

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    1. Susan Janssen & Robert Hauser, 1981. "Religion, socialization, and fertility," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 18(4), pages 511-528, November.
    2. Bledsoe, Caroline & Lerner, Susana & Guyer, Jane (ed.), 2000. "Fertility and the Male Life Cycle in the Era of Fertility Decline," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198294443, October.
    3. Gordon Jong, 1965. "Religious fundamentalism, socio-economic status, and fertility attitudes in the southern appalachians," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 540-548, March.
    4. Evelyn L. Lehrer, 2004. "Religion as a Determinant of Economic and Demographic Behavior in the United States," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., The Population Council, Inc., vol. 30(4), pages 707-726.
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    Cited by:
    1. William Axinn & Cynthia Link & Robert Groves, 2011. "Responsive Survey Design, Demographic Data Collection, and Models of Demographic Behavior," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 48(3), pages 1127-1149, August.
    2. Suzanne Noordhuizen & Paul Graaf & Inge Sieben, 2010. "The Public Acceptance of Voluntary Childlessness in the Netherlands: from 20 to 90 per cent in 30 years," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 99(1), pages 163-181, October.
    3. Barbara Okun, 2013. "Fertility and marriage behavior in Israel," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 28(17), pages 457-504, March.
    4. Thomas Baudin, 2012. "More on Religion and Fertility: The French Connection," Working Papers hal-00993310, HAL.

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