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Demographic transitions and children's resources: growth or divergence?

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Author Info

  • Parfait M. Eloundou-Enyegue

    (Cornell University)

  • C. Shannon Stokes

    (Pennsylvania State University)

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    Abstract

    How do fertility transitions affect children’s resource endowments? Existing perspectives provide two seemingly different answers: Dilution arguments focusing on family size predict an average gain, while divergence arguments focusing on family structure predict increased inequality. We attempt to integrate these two perspectives, to show how changes in family size and structure additively and interactively shape the levels and inequality in children’s resource endowments. Failure to consider these interactions can severely bias estimates of the magnitude or even direction of the influences of fertility transitions. An empirical illustration is provided with Cameroon data.

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    File URL: http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol16/7/16-7.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

    Volume (Year): 16 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 7 (March)
    Pages: 195-218

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:16:y:2007:i:7

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: children’s resources; decomposition; family size; family structure; fertility transition; inequality; resource dilution; simulation;

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    1. George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos, 2004. "Returns to investment in education: a further update," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 111-134.
    2. David N. Weil & Oded Galor, 2000. "Population, Technology, and Growth: From Malthusian Stagnation to the Demographic Transition and Beyond," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 806-828, September.
    3. James M. Raymo & Larry L. Bumpass & Miho Iwasawa, 2004. "Marital Dissolution in Japan," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 11(14), pages 395-420, December.
    4. Pritchett, Lant H. & DEC, 1994. "Desired fertility and the impact of population policies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1273, The World Bank.
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