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Teen Fertility and Gender Inequality in Education

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  • Parfait M. Eloundou-Enyegue

    (Cornell University)

  • C. Shannon Stokes

    (Pennsylvania State University)

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    Abstract

    Previous studies in developed countries have found a micro-level association between teenage fertility and girls’ educational attainment but researchers still debate the policy implications of these associations. First, are these associations causal? Second, are they substantively important enough, at the macro-level, to warrant policy attention? In other words, how much would policy efforts to reduce unintended pregnancy among teens pay off in terms of narrowing national gender gaps in educational attainment? Third, under what contexts are these payoffs likely to be important? This paper focuses on the latter two questions. We begin by proposing a contextual hypothesis to explain cross-national variation in the gender-equity payoffs from reducing unintended teen fertility. We then test this hypothesis, using DHS data from 38 countries.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 11 (December)
    Pages: 305-334

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:11:y:2004:i:11

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: gender equity; life tables; population and development; teen fertility;

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    1. Klepinger, D. & Lundberg, S. & Plotnick, R., 1994. "Adolescent Fertility and the Education Attainment of Young Women," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 94-5, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
    2. Ribar, David C, 1994. "Teenage Fertility and High School Completion," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(3), pages 413-24, August.
    3. David C. Ribar, 1999. "The socioeconomic consequences of young women's childbearing: Reconciling disparate evidence," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 547-565.
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