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Sociodemographic Effects on the Onset and Recovery of ADL Disability among Chinese Oldest-old

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  • Danan Gu

    (United Nations)

  • Yi Zeng

    (Duke University)

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    Abstract

    By pooling the data from the three waves (1998, 2000, and 2002) of the Chinese Longitudinal Health and Longevity Survey, this study examines the association of sociodemographic factors with the onset and recovery of ADL disability including changes in functional status before dying. The results show that the sociodemographic factors play some specific roles in disability dynamics at very high ages even after controlling for a rich set of confounders. Our results also point out that the conventional method, which excludes the information of ADL changes before dying due to unavailability of the data, overestimates the effects of age, gender, ethnicity, and living alone on disability transitions whereas it underestimates the effects of SES, although such discrepancies are not very big compared with the results including information of ADL changes before dying.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its journal Demographic Research.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 (August)
    Pages: 1-42

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    Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:11:y:2004:i:1

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: ADL disability; China; oldest old; socio-demographic effect;

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    References

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    1. James P. Smith & Raynard Kington, 2004. "Demographic and Economic Correlates of Health in Old Age," Labor and Demography, EconWPA 0408008, EconWPA.
    2. Umberson, Debra, 1992. "Gender, marital status and the social control of health behavior," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 907-917, April.
    3. Shiro Horiuchi & John Wilmoth, 1998. "Deceleration in the age pattern of mortality at olderages," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 35(4), pages 391-412, November.
    4. Lamb, Vicki L., 1997. "Gender differences in correlates of disablement among the elderly in Egypt," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 127-136, July.
    5. Kenneth Land & Jack Guralnik & Dan Blazer, 1994. "Estimating Increment-Decrement Life Tables with Multiple Covariates from Panel Data: The Case of Active Life Expectancy," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 297-319, May.
    6. Verbrugge, Lois M. & Jette, Alan M., 1994. "The disablement process," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 1-14, January.
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    Cited by:
    1. Ming Wen & Danan Gu, 2011. "The Effects of Childhood, Adult, and Community Socioeconomic Conditions on Health and Mortality among Older Adults in China," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 153-181, February.
    2. Zachary Zimmer & Linda Martin & Daniel Nagin & Bobby Jones, 2012. "Modeling Disability Trajectories and Mortality of the Oldest-Old in China," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 49(1), pages 291-314, February.

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