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Habit Formation In An Interdependent World Economy

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  • Ikeda, Shinsuke
  • Gombi, Ichiro

Abstract

In a two-country world economy, consumption-habit dynamics in one country are affected, due to endogenous interest rate adjustments, by the other country's habits and preferences. External indebtedness depends crucially on international differences in habit-adjusted net output less habitual living standard. Interest rate adjustments enlarge the consumption impact of an income shock. Consistently with the empirical facts, the habit parameter of a large country, therefore, would be underestimated, and the current account volatility overestimated, if estimated using a small-country model. An increase in fiscal spending in one country can benefit the country and harm the neighbor due to intertemporal terms-of-trade effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal Macroeconomic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 13 (2009)
Issue (Month): 04 (September)
Pages: 477-492

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Handle: RePEc:cup:macdyn:v:13:y:2009:i:04:p:477-492_08

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  1. John Y. Campbell & John H. Cochrane, 1994. "By force of habit: a consumption-based explanation of aggregate stock market behavior," Working Papers 94-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  2. Devereux, Michael B. & Shi, Shouyong, 1991. "Capital accumulation and the current account in a two-country model," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 1-25, February.
  3. Ikeda, Shinsuke & Ono, Yoshiyasu, 1992. "Macroeconomic Dynamics in a Multi-country Economy: A Dynamic Optimization Approach," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 33(3), pages 629-44, August.
  4. Brecher, Richard A. & Bhagwati, Jagdish N., 1982. "Immiserizing transfers from abroad," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(3-4), pages 353-364, November.
  5. G. Constantinides, 1990. "Habit formation: a resolution of the equity premium puzzle," Levine's Working Paper Archive 1397, David K. Levine.
  6. Turnovsky, Stephen J & Bianconi, Marcelo, 1992. "The International Transmission of Tax Policies in a Dynamic World Economy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(1), pages 49-72, November.
  7. Josep Pijoan-Mas 2 & Antonia Díaz & José-Víctor Ríos-Rull, 2001. "Habit Formation: Inplications For The Wealth Distribution," Economics Working Papers we015114, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  8. Christopher D. Carroll & Jody Overland & David N. Weil, 1995. "Saving and growth with habit formation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 95-42, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  9. Ikeda, Shinsuke & Gombi, Ichiro, 1999. "Habits, costly investment, and current account dynamics," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 363-384, December.
  10. Bianconi, Marcelo, 2003. "Fiscal Policy and the Terms of Trade in an Analytical Two-Country Dynamic Model," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 25-41, January.
  11. Gruber, Joseph W., 2004. "A present value test of habits and the current account," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(7), pages 1495-1507, October.
  12. Ichiro Gombi & Shinsuke Ikeda, 2003. "Habit Formation And The Transfer Paradox," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 54(4), pages 361-380.
  13. Karayalcin, Cem, 1996. "Stock Markets, Adjustment Costs and the International Transmission of Shocks," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 63(252), pages 599-610, November.
  14. Davide Fiaschi, 1996. "Fiscal policies and growth," Working Papers 261, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  15. Marcelo Bianconi & Stephen J. Turnovsky, 1997. "International Effects of Government Expenditure in Interdependent Economies," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(1), pages 57-84, February.
  16. Arman Mansoorian, 1993. "Tariffs, Habit Persistence, and the Current Account," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(1), pages 194-207, February.
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