Are there positive incentives from privatizing social security? A panel analysis of pension reform in Latin America
AbstractThe paper estimates the impact of social security reform specifically, the transition from a purely public pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) system to one with private individual retirement accounts on the share of the workforce that contributes to formal retirement security systems. Using a simple model of a segmented labor market, the paper exploits variation in data from a panel of eighteen Latin American countries, observed from 1980 to 1999. Results show a positive incentive effect after the introduction of individual retirement accounts that, ceteris paribus, increases the share of the economically active population who contribute to the reformed system. However, this takes place only gradually as employers and workers become familiar with the set of new social security institutions that reforms put in place.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal Journal of Pension Economics and Finance.
Volume (Year): 1 (2002)
Issue (Month): 02 (July)
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- Chung Tran & Juergen Jung, 2007.
"The Extension of Social Security Coverage in Developing Countries,"
Caepr Working Papers
2007-026, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
- Jung, Juergen & Tran, Chung, 2012. "The extension of social security coverage in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 439-458.
- Juergen Jung & Chung Tran, 2011. "The Extension of Social Security Coverage in Developing Countries," Working Papers 2011-06, Towson University, Department of Economics, revised Nov 2011.
- Willmore, Larry, 2007. "Universal Pensions for Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 24-51, January.
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