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Famine And Market In Ancien R Gime France

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  • Gr da, Cormac
  • Chevet, Jean-Michel

Abstract

How and how well do food markets function in famine conditions? The controversy surrounding this question may benefit from historical perspective. Here we study two massive famines that struck France between 1693 and 1710, killing over two million people. In both cases the impact of harvest failure was exacerbated by wartime demands on the food supply; we ask whether the crises were exacerbated yet further by a failure of markets to function as they did in normal times. The evidence, we conclude, is most consistent with the view that markets in fact helped alleviate these crises, albeit modestly.Aujourd hui ces mati res paraissent d une telle aridit qu elles provoquent le vide, m me au sein du parlement, si par hasard on les y discute On ne voit plus des carts de prix comparables ceux des grandes ann es de famine de la fin du r gne de Louis XIV: 1693 et 1709.Germain Martin (French historian) in 1908 Today these issues seem so stupifyingly dull that they produce an empty house, even in parliament, if by chance they are discussed there . One no longer sees gaps in prices comparable to those of the years of famine at the end of the reign of Louis XIV, in 1693 and 1709. Martin, Famines, p. 150.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal The Journal of Economic History.

Volume (Year): 62 (2002)
Issue (Month): 03 (September)
Pages: 706-733

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Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:62:y:2002:i:03:p:706-733_00

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Cited by:
  1. Studer, Roman, 2008. "India and the Great Divergence: Assessing the Efficiency of Grain Markets in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century India," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 68(02), pages 393-437, June.
  2. Ogilvie, Sheilagh & Carus, A.W., 2014. "Institutions and Economic Growth in Historical Perspective," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 8, pages 403-513 Elsevier.
  3. Cormac Ó Gráda, 2007. "Famines and Markets," Working Papers 200720, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
  4. Cormac Ó Gráda, 2006. "Making Famine History," Working Papers 200610, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.

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  1. Historical Economic Geography

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