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African-American Economic Mobility in the 1940s: A Portrait from the Palmer Survey

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  • COLLINS, WILLIAM J.

Abstract

I use retrospective work histories from a unique dataset to follow workers in six cities through occupational, industrial, and geographic moves, thereby characterizing aspects of black economic mobility during the 1940s that cannot be viewed through the Census data. Relatively few migrants were drawn directly from the southern agricultural sector. Black occupational upgrades were larger than white upgrades on average but black upgrades were smaller than those of observationally similar whites. Black veterans did no better than black nonveterans in terms of upgrading or wages. And black workers in war-related industries earned substantially more than observationally similar blacks.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal The Journal of Economic History.

Volume (Year): 60 (2000)
Issue (Month): 03 (September)
Pages: 756-781

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Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:60:y:2000:i:03:p:756-781_00

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Cited by:
  1. William J.Collins & Robert A. Margo, 2000. "Race and Home Ownership: A Century-Long View," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 0012, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
  2. William J. Collins & Marianne H. Wanamaker, 2014. "Selection and Economic Gains in the Great Migration of African Americans: New Evidence from Linked Census Data," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 220-52, January.

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  1. Historical Economic Geography

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