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From Mercenary to Citizen Armies: Explaining Change in the Practice of War

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  • Avant, Deborah
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    Abstract

    Mercenaries went out of style in the nineteenth century. Statesaltered the conduct of war by raising citizen armies and eschewing theuse of mercenaries in practice or in law. It became common sense thatarmies should be staffed with citizens. Both realists and sociologistshave interpreted this change as a functional response to aninternationaldemand, either strategic or normative. Realists assumestates act strategically to insure their security in the system, sostates choose strategies that win wars.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal International Organization.

    Volume (Year): 54 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 01 (December)
    Pages: 41-72

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    Handle: RePEc:cup:intorg:v:54:y:2000:i:01:p:41-72_44

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    Cited by:
    1. Poutvaara, Panu & Wagener, Andreas, 2009. "The Political Economy of Conscription," IZA Discussion Papers 4429, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Tschoegl, Adrian E., 2010. "The international diffusion of an innovation: The spread of decimal currency," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 100-109, January.

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