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Opportunities and limitations of contingent valuation surveys to determine national park entrance fees: evidence from Costa Rica


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    A contingent valuation method (CVM) survey to determine foreign and resident willingness to pay (WTP) for return visits to two different Costa Rican national parks was administered in 1995. WTP values were estimated for future entrance fees associated with proposed improvements to infrastructure and services in the Poas Volcano and the Manuel Antonio parks. Resulting logistic CVM models were statistically robust and mean WTP for entrance fees differed among the parks and were considerably higher than current fees. Results indicate that even in a developing country setting, the CVM is a useful tool to help determine park entrance fees in spite of the following methodological limitations which are recommended for further study: the need to include potential park visitors in survey samples; the lack of detailed information framing and contingent scenarios for park related WTP questions; and the threat of cultural-strategic biases when surveying residents of a developing country.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal Environment and Development Economics.

    Volume (Year): 3 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 01 (February)
    Pages: 131-149

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    Handle: RePEc:cup:endeec:v:3:y:1998:i:01:p:131-149_00

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    Cited by:
    1. Shrestha, Ram K. & Loomis, John B., 2001. "Testing a meta-analysis model for benefit transfer in international outdoor recreation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 67-83, October.
    2. Ellingson, Lindsey & Seidl, Andrew, 2007. "Comparative analysis of non-market valuation techniques for the Eduardo Avaroa Reserve, Bolivia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 517-525, January.
    3. Jung-Eun Kim & Jungsung Yeo, 2010. "Valuation of Consumers’ Personal Information: A South Korean Example," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 297-306, September.
    4. Pemberton, Carlisle A. & Harris-Charles, Emaline & Patterson-Andrews, Hazel, 2010. "Cultural bias in contingent valuation of copper mining in the Commonwealth of Dominica," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 19-23, November.
    5. Baral, Nabin & Dhungana, Anal, 2014. "Diversifying finance mechanisms for protected areas capitalizing on untapped revenues," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 60-67.
    6. Alpizar, Francisco, 2006. "The pricing of protected areas in nature-based tourism: A local perspective," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 294-307, February.
    7. Bush, Glenn & Colombo, Sergio & Hanley, Nicholas, 2008. "Measuring the demand for nature-based tourism in Africa: a choice experiment using the "cut-off" approach," Stirling Economics Discussion Papers, University of Stirling, Division of Economics 2008-06, University of Stirling, Division of Economics.
    8. Baral, Nabin & Stern, Marc J. & Bhattarai, Ranju, 2008. "Contingent valuation of ecotourism in Annapurna conservation area, Nepal: Implications for sustainable park finance and local development," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 218-227, June.
    9. Roberto Ponce & Felipe Vásquez & Alejandra Stehr & Patrick Debels & Carlos Orihuela, 2011. "Estimating the Economic Value of Landscape Losses Due to Flooding by Hydropower Plants in the Chilean Patagonia," Water Resources Management, Springer, Springer, vol. 25(10), pages 2449-2466, August.
    10. Niraj, Shekhar K. & Dayal, Vikram & Krausman, Paul R., 2010. "Applying methodological pluralism to wildlife and the economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 69(8), pages 1610-1616, June.
    11. Sekar, Nitin & Weiss, Jack M. & Dobson, Andrew P., 2014. "Willingness-to-pay and the perfect safari:Valuation and cultural evaluation of safari package attributes in the Serengeti and Tanzanian Northern Circuit," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 34-41.


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