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Poverty and Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa: Literature Survey and Empirical Assessment

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Author Info

  • Delfin Go

    (Africa Department, the World Bank)

  • Denis Nikitin

    (Development Research Group, the World Bank)

  • Xiongjian Wang

    (CEMA, Central University)

  • Heng-fu Zou

    (CEMA, Central University
    IAS, Wuhan University
    Peking University
    Development Research Group, the World Bank)

Abstract

This paper surveys the literature and assesses the magnitude, persistence, and depth of poverty and inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa using empirical analysis. Our analysis explores linkages between three key facts about development in Sub-Saharan Africa: poor economic growth, poor performance in terms of public health indicators, and resilient high-income inequality. Most of the differential between growth rates in Sub-Saharan Africa and other developing countries can be explained by two measures of human capital-secondary enrolment and infant mortality. We also find that the growth trend in Sub-Saharan Africa does not significantly differ from other developing countries that have fallen into a poverty trap.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Society for AEF in its journal Annals of Economics and Finance.

Volume (Year): 8 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 (November)
Pages: 251-304

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Handle: RePEc:cuf:journl:y:2007:v:8:i:2:p:251-304

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Related research

Keywords: Poverty; Inequality; African Economy;

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References

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  1. Ravallion, Martin, 1995. "Growth and poverty: Evidence for developing countries in the 1980s," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 48(3-4), pages 411-417, June.
  2. Ifpri, 2005. "Africa without borders: building blocks for regional growth," Issue briefs 38, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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  4. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 2003. "Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income," NBER Working Papers 9490, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  17. Paulo Silva Lopes, 2005. "The Disconcerting Pyramids of Poverty and Inequality of Sub-Saharan Africa," IMF Working Papers 05/47, International Monetary Fund.
  18. Milanovic, Branko, 2003. "Is inequality in Africa really different ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3169, The World Bank.
  19. Fan, Shenggen & Rao, Neetha, 2003. "Public spending in developing countries: trends, determination, and impact," EPTD discussion papers 99, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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Cited by:
  1. Facundo Alvaredo & Leonardo Gasparini, 2013. "Recent Trends in Inequality and Poverty in Developing Countries," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0151, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

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