The Dynamics of Income Gaps in Metropolitan France (1984-2002)
AbstractThe broad stability of income gaps observed in metropolitan France between 1984 and 2002 masks local divergences. First, outside the Paris region, the gap consistently narrowed between urban clusters and peri-urban and rural areas. Second, within these three different spatial categories, inequalities seem to move on different paths: their growth is stronger in urban clusters than in peri-urban and rural areas. The catch-up in peri-urban and rural areas is explained by the fact that they became more similar to urban clusters in terms of socio-occupational composition and had more favorable employment trends. It is harder to offer a statistical explanation for the contrasting trends in income dispersion within each spatial category. However, there is one robust result: the growing disperion in urban clusters is partly due to the ever-sharper contrasts in their populations' socio-occupational composition and employment access.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.
Volume (Year): 415-416 (2009)
Issue (Month): (March)
Income Dispersion; Spatial Inequality; Inequality Decomposition;
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