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Residential Mobility at the Start of a Working Career: Women at a Disadvantage

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  • Jean-Jacques Arrighi

    (CEREQ and INSEE)

  • Céline Gasquet

    (CEREQ and INSEE)

  • Valérie Roux

    (CEREQ and INSEE)

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    Abstract

    While a large majority of young people are potentially mobile, not all are so in reality. Several factors influence the decision to migrate. Some are confirmed here: age, educational attainment, previous mobility experience, and having children. Our study points to other factors as well, such as having parents born abroad, and employment status. By comparison with persons employed under unstable work contracts (fixed-term contracts, temping, subsidized jobs), the unemployed are more mobile and workers on open-ended contracts are less so. Gender and marital status have a measurable impact as well. Residential and occupational mobility are often linked. Two-thirds of migrations between employment areas coincide with a job change. However, among migrants living as couples, the proportion of men changing jobs far exceeds that of women, and the gender gap widens over time. Women are more often involved in transitions between employment and non-employment.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 415-416 (2009)
    Issue (Month): (March)
    Pages: 61-80.

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es415-416d

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    Related research

    Keywords: Migration; Gender; Job Change; Professional Transitions;

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    1. Heckman, James J, 1978. "Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 931-59, July.
    2. Daniel Courgeau & Monique Meron, 1995. "Mobilité résidentielle, activité et vie familiale des couples," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 290(1), pages 17-31.
    3. Algan, Yann & Cahuc, Pierre, 2004. "Job Protection: The Macho Hypothesis," IZA Discussion Papers 1192, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Éva Lelièvre & Odile Wolber & Daniel Courgeau, 1998. "Reconstruire des trajectoires de mobilité résidentielle. Eléments d'une analyse biographique des données de l'EDP," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 316(1), pages 163-173.
    5. repec:ese:iserwp:2006-05 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Pissarides, Christopher A & Wadsworth, Jonathan, 1989. "Unemployment and the Inter-regional Mobility of Labour," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 739-55, September.
    7. Mark P. Taylor, 2007. "Tied Migration and Subsequent Employment: Evidence from Couples in Britain," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 69(6), pages 795-818, December.
    8. Laurent Gobillon, 2001. "Emploi, logement et mobilité résidentielle," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 77-98.
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    10. Claude Taffin & Thierry Debrand, 2005. "Les facteurs structurels et conjoncturels de la mobilité résidentielle depuis 20 ans," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 381(1), pages 125-146.
    11. Mincer, Jacob, 1978. "Family Migration Decisions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 749-73, October.
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