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Geographic Inequality of Access to Employment in France: an Investigation Based on Comprehensive Administrative Sources

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  • Emmanuel Duguet

    (Université dEvry-Val dEssonne, EPEE, Centre dÉtudes de lEmploi and TEPP)

  • Antoine Goujard

    (Université dEvry-Val dEssonne, EPEE, Centre dÉtudes de lEmploi and TEPP)

  • Yannick L'Horty

    (Université dEvry-Val dEssonne, EPEE, Centre dÉtudes de lEmploi and TEPP)

Abstract

We analyze geographic inequality of access to employment at a highly detailed geographic level - the municipality - across all of metropolitan France (mainland + Corsica), for two population groups: unemployed persons registered at the National Employment Agency (ANPE) and recipients of the guaranteed minimum income (RMI). Overall, we find highly pronounced inequality of employment access by municipality of residence. However, across large sections of metropolitan France, groups of contiguous municipalities offer uniformly low or high prospects of employment access. Divergences between localities remain wide when we neutralize inter-municipal differences in socio-demographic composition: this finding confirms the existence of a specific territorial effect. To explain it, we introduce theoretical determinants of spatial economy into the analysis. The location of economic activities and issues of physical distance from the workplace do indeed have a strong impact, but geographic inequality of employment access may also be due to residential-segregation and social-network effects.

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File URL: http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/ES415-416b.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

Volume (Year): 415-416 (2009)
Issue (Month): (March)
Pages: 17-44.

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Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es415-416b

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Related research

Keywords: Spatial Economics; Geographic Inequality; Employment Access;

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  1. Wasmer, Etienne & Zenou, Yves, 2002. "Does City Structure Affect Job Search and Welfare?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 515-541, May.
  2. Rogers, Cynthia L., 1997. "Job Search and Unemployment Duration: Implications for the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 109-132, July.
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