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Is the ISO 14001 Standard Effective? An Econometric Study of French Industry

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  • Nicolas Riedinger

    (INSEE)

  • Céline Thévenot

    (INSEE)

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    Abstract

    More and more French businesses are deciding to introduce an environmental management system, i.e. a system to measure and reduce their environmental impact, and then certify their compliance with the ISO 14001 standard. This article aims to assess the environmental effectiveness of certification using a sample of several thousand French manufacturing firms. A range of environmental pressures has been analysed: emissions of volatile organic compounds and carbon dioxide, fuel and total energy consumption, and water intake. The data covers several years, from 2001 or 2003 until 2005. The results suggest that certified firms focus their efforts on measures likely to reduce not only their negative impact on the environment but also their production costs. ISO 14001 certification is accompanied by a reduction in water intake and followed by a gradual decrease in energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. But it has no significant effect on emissions of volatile organic compounds.

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    File URL: http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/ES411a.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 411 (2008)
    Issue (Month): (September)
    Pages: 3-23

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es411a

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    Related research

    Keywords: Environmental Management Systems; ISO 14001; Environmental Performance;

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    1. Gilles Grolleau & Naoufel Mzoughi & Alban Thomas, 2007. "What drives agrifood firms to register for an Environmental Management System?," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 34(2), pages 233-255, June.
    2. Khanna, Madhu, 2001. " Non-mandatory Approaches to Environmental Protection," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 291-324, July.
    3. Nakamura, Masao & Takahashi, Takuya & Vertinsky, Ilan, 2001. "Why Japanese Firms Choose to Certify: A Study of Managerial Responses to Environmental Issues," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 23-52, July.
    4. Maia David, 2004. "Les approches volontaires comme instrument de régulation environnementale," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 19(1), pages 227-273.
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