Is the ISO 14001 Standard Effective? An Econometric Study of French Industry
AbstractMore and more French businesses are deciding to introduce an environmental management system, i.e. a system to measure and reduce their environmental impact, and then certify their compliance with the ISO 14001 standard. This article aims to assess the environmental effectiveness of certification using a sample of several thousand French manufacturing firms. A range of environmental pressures has been analysed: emissions of volatile organic compounds and carbon dioxide, fuel and total energy consumption, and water intake. The data covers several years, from 2001 or 2003 until 2005. The results suggest that certified firms focus their efforts on measures likely to reduce not only their negative impact on the environment but also their production costs. ISO 14001 certification is accompanied by a reduction in water intake and followed by a gradual decrease in energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. But it has no significant effect on emissions of volatile organic compounds.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.
Volume (Year): 411 (2008)
Issue (Month): (September)
Environmental Management Systems; ISO 14001; Environmental Performance;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
- Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
- Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
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