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The Internationalisation of R&D Networks: a Company Relations Approach

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  • Céline Thévenot

    (INSEE)

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    Abstract

    For around fifteen years, companies have developed the international side of their R&D. What are the advantages which mean that, despite the potentially high distancing costs, companies choose to outsource all or part of their R&D? In theory, there are three motivations: learning, or an increased knowledge stock, the conquest of new markets or exploitation of existing stock, and finally access to lower research costs. The 2003 Inter-company relations survey Erie sheds more light on the R&D relationships between French companies and their partners, be they French or foreign. The results show that a complimentary relationship with an R&D partner, which fosters learning, is a determining factor when companies choose to internationalise their R&D. Access to new markets also has an impact, but a secondary one. Finally, the cost-reduction aim is not significant. In particular, up until now very few relationships with partners in low-cost countries have been observed.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 405-406 (2008)
    Issue (Month): (February)
    Pages: 141-162

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es405-406g

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    Related research

    Keywords: R&D Location; R&D Cooperation; Spillovers; Inter-Firm Collaboration;

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    1. Miotti, Luis & Sachwald, Frederique, 2003. "Co-operative R&D: why and with whom?: An integrated framework of analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1481-1499, September.
    2. Mowery, David C. & Oxley, Joanne E. & Silverman, Brian S., 1998. "Technological overlap and interfirm cooperation: implications for the resource-based view of the firm," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 507-523, September.
    3. Patel, Pari & Vega, Modesto, 1999. "Patterns of internationalisation of corporate technology: location vs. home country advantages1," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(2-3), pages 145-155, March.
    4. S. Raspiller & P. Sillard, 2004. "Affiliating versus Subcontracting: the Case of Multinationals," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2004-09, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
    5. Markusen, James R., 2002. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MPRA Paper 8380, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. von Zedtwitz, Maximilian & Gassmann, Oliver, 2002. "Market versus technology drive in R&D internationalization: four different patterns of managing research and development," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 569-588, May.
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