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Economic Orientation and Local Employment Growth in the Living Basins of Market Towns and Small Cities

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  • Michel Blanc

    (INRA, INSEE)

  • Bertrand Schmitt

    (INRA, INSEE)

  • Éric Ambiaud

    (INRA, INSEE)

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    Abstract

    An analysis of the way in which the main economic activities combine locally highlights the growing presence in rural employment of economic activities designed to satisfy the needs of local people, activities which constitute the basis of a residential economy. Agriculture and the sectors directly linked to it are now relatively insignificant and have been overtaken by the industrial sectors. Thus, while in 1980 only a third of the living basins centred around a market town or small city had more residential jobs than agricultural and industrial jobs, in 1999 more than half were in this position. During the period, basins with a residential economy experienced more favourable economic development than basins with a more industrial or agricultural character. Furthermore, all other things being equal, employment growth was more marked in basins close to large urban centres, the local demographic dynamic having a positive influence on the development of economic activity.

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    File URL: http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/ES402d.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 402 (2007)
    Issue (Month): (November)
    Pages: 57-74

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es402d

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    Related research

    Keywords: Industry Location; Local Employment Dynamics; Rural Development;

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    References

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    1. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Magnac, Thierry & Robin, Jean-Marc, 2004. "The Dynamics of Local Employment in France," IZA Discussion Papers 1061, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Glaeser, Edward L & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(6), pages 1126-52, December.
      • Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
      • Edward L. Glaeser & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1991. "Growth in Cities," NBER Working Papers 3787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Michel Blanc & Francis Aubert & Cécile Détang-Dessendre, 1999. "Le fonctionnement des marchés du travail ruraux," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 250(1), pages 31-39.
    4. Bertrand Schmitt & Mark Henry & Virginie Piguet & Mohamed Hilal, 2006. "Urban growth effects on rural population, export and service employment: evidence from eastern France," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 779-801, December.
    5. Henderson, Vernon & Kuncoro, Ari & Turner, Matt, 1995. "Industrial Development in Cities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(5), pages 1067-90, October.
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