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The Polarisation of Employment Within Households from 1975 to 2002


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  • Claire Ravel


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    From 1975 to 2002, the proportion of people aged 15 to 59 who were neither students nor retired, and who were in employment, rose by 2.4% to 78.6%. At the same time, throughout this period, employment within households became polarised: there were increasing numbers of households in which nobody or everybody worked, while the number of households in which only certain individuals worked fell. One explanation is linked to the changing make-up of households. However, whatever the household make-up, people have contributed to this polarisation. For example, among couples with one or more children, there are more households in which both parents work than in 1975. Gregg and Wadsworth (1996, 2001, 2004) suggest the creation of a polarisation indicator which measures the disparity between a random distribution of employment within households and the real distribution. This article applies their method to the French data.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 402 (2007)
    Issue (Month): (November)
    Pages: 3-23

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es402a

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    Keywords: Employment; Households; Distribution of Employment; Polarisation;

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    1. Gregg, Paul & Wadsworth, Jonathan, 2001. " Everything You Ever Wanted to Know about Measuring Worklessness and Polarization at the Household Level but Were Afraid to Ask," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 63(0), pages 777-806, Special I.
    2. Redmond, Gerry & Kattuman, Paul, 2001. "Employment Polarisation and Inequality in the UK and Hungary," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(4), pages 467-80, July.
    3. Paul Gregg & Rosanna Scutella & Jonathan Wadsworth, 2004. "Reconciling Workless Measures at the Individual and Household Level: Theory and Evidence from the United States, Britain, Germany, Spain and Australia," CEP Discussion Papers dp0635, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    4. Michel Villac, 1983. "Les structures familiales se transforment profondément," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 152(1), pages 39-53.
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