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Can the Gender Wage Go Further Down?

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  • Dominique Meurs

    (ERMES, University Paris-II)

  • Sophie Ponthieux

    (INSEE)

Abstract

In 2002 in France, the differential between the average monthly wage of women and men was 25.3%, hardly one point of percentage less than in 1990, and the components of the gap have remained steady: for any given year, 75% of the wage differential results from differences in jobs structures, and firstly the difference in working hours. The persistence of the gap and its enduring composition can be considered as surprising: women have now on average a higher level of education than men, and the law prohibits discrimination and promotes professional equality. Furthermore, during the period studied, a reform of the French child-raising allowance (APE) and the reform of the 35-hours could well have impacted on the wage differential. However trends or reforms seem to have had very little effect on the differences in jobs, positions, sectors and working hours, which are the principal source of the gender wage differential and the main reason for its persistence.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

Volume (Year): 398-399 (2007)
Issue (Month): (March)
Pages: 99-129

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Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es398-399f

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Related research

Keywords: Wages; Gender Wage Gaps; Decomposition Method;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Eleonora Matteazzi & Ariane Pailhé & Anne Solaz, 2013. "Does Part-Time Employment Widen the Gender Wage Gap? Evidence from Twelve European Countries," Working Papers 293, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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