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Gender Inequalities in Social and Family Differentials of Mortality within the Working-Age Population?

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  • Isabelle Robert-Bobée

    (INSEE)

  • Christian Monteil

    (INSEE)

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    Abstract

    Differences in mortality between social categories are less marked for women than for men. An individuals mortality risk also varies according to their family situation and labour market status, which are correlated to social category. When these two factors are taken into account, differences according to professional position disappear for women, whereas they remain, albeit to a lesser extent, for men. Level of education remains an important factor, playing a predominant role for women and combining with social status for men. It is therefore more appropriate to analyze the social differentials of mortality for women according to their level of education rather than just their social category. The slightest variability of the mortality risk for women is not only observed between social categories. Unemployment and labour market inactivity not due to retirement are thus associated with excess mortality for both women and men, albeit to a lesser extent for women. Major life change events also have less of an effect on the mortality of women.

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    File URL: http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/ES398-399b.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 398-399 (2007)
    Issue (Month): (March)
    Pages: 11-31

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es398-399b

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    Related research

    Keywords: Mortality; Gender; Social Differentials;

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    1. FFF1Tapani NNN1Valkonen & FFF2Pekka NNN2Martikainen & FFF2Jenni NNN2Blomgren, 2004. "Increasing excess mortality among non-married elderly people in developed countries," Demographic Research Special Collections, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 2(12), pages 305-330, April.
    2. Cambois, Emmanuelle, 2004. "Careers and mortality in France: evidence on how far occupational mobility predicts differentiated risks," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 58(12), pages 2545-2558, June.
    3. Annie Mesrine, 2000. "La surmortalité des chômeurs : un effet catalyseur du chômage ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 334(1), pages 33-48.
    4. X. Thierry, 1999. "Risques de mortalité et de surmortalité au cours des dix premières années de veuvage," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 54(2), pages 177-204.
    5. Vladimir Shkolnikov & Alexander D. Deev & Øystein Kravdal & Tapani Valkonen, 2004. "Educational differentials in male mortality in Russia and northern Europe," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 10(1), pages 1-26, January.
    6. Barnay, Thomas, 2005. "Une analyse microéconomique de la cessation d'activité : l'effet de l'état de santé," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4088, Paris Dauphine University.
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