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Agri-Food Trade Between 1992 and 2002


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  • Gérard Thomas


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    The long phase of increasing agri-food exports came to an end during the 1990s. However, Frances weakened position was not just the simple consequence of the CAP reforms and the gradual liberalisation of world trade. Frances decreasing market shares resulted from increased competition from Germany and Spain, and from traditional exporters (Australia, Brazil) or new exporters (Russia, Ukraine, Thailand) from outside the EU. Excluding drinks, the surplus had more than halved between the start of the 1990s and the middle of the 2000s. Frances prospects on the world markets seem to have been weakened because of its concentration on products where the price remains or becomes the competitive criterion, whether they are less processed products (cereals, sugar, poultry meat), or more processed products, such as wine. Conversely, the improved performance of second transformation agri-food products, particularly the gains made on the EU market during 1992, are strengthening Frances positions.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 390 (2006)
    Issue (Month): (July)
    Pages: 25-46

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es390b

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    Related research

    Keywords: Agrifood Trade; Market Share; Agricultural Policy;

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    1. Hervé Guyomard & Alexandre Gohin & Marion Desquilbet, 1999. "La nouvelle réforme de la Politique agricole commune : une perspective internationale," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 329(1), pages 13-33.
    2. Jean-Pierre Butault & M. Cyncynatus & Daniel Hassan, 1990. "Les avantages comparés des agricultures européennes," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 197(1), pages 15-21.
    3. Pierre Jacquet & Patrick Messerlin & Laurence Tubiana, 1999. "Le cycle du millénaire," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/8543, Sciences Po.
    4. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/8543 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Angela Cheptea & Guillaume Gaulier & Soledad Zignago, 2005. "World Trade Competitiveness: A Disaggregated View by Shift-Share Analysis," Working Papers 2005-23, CEPII research center.
    6. Christine Monceau, 1999. "La demande de produits agricoles et des IAA stimulée par les exportations : le rôle majeur de la PAC," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 329(1), pages 107-126.
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