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Analyse des variations structurelles et conjoncturelles The Perception of Poverty in Europe Since The Mid-1970s An analysis of Structural and Cyclical Variations

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  • Serge Paugam

    (CREST-INSEE and ERIS)

  • Marion Selz

    (ERIS)

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    Abstract

    This paper sets out to analyse not poverty as such, but its social representations using a number of comparable surveys conducted since the mid-1970s. Poverty is generally perceived as a permanent state in the Southern European countries, whereas it is seen more as a hardship suffered after a fall in the Northern countries. The perception of poverty as a self-replicating phenomenon declined in all the countries from 1976 to 1993 due to the downturn in employment. However, this perception rose sharply from 1993 to 2001. The explanation of poverty as being due to laziness is much more widespread in certain countries than in others, especially in Great Britain. The analyses lead to the conclusion that, although Europeans continue to see and explain poverty differently from one country to the next, there is a short-term effect that reflects their collective sensitivity to economic trends and their effects on the most disadvantaged.

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    File URL: http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/ES383-384-385o.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 383-384-385 (2005)
    Issue (Month): (December)
    Pages: 283-305

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es383-384-385o

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    Keywords: Poverty; Social Representations; Evolution; Europe;

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