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Romania: Subsistence Farming After Imposed Industrialisation


Author Info

  • Viorica Duma

    (National Institute of Statitics, Bucharest)

  • Maria Molnar

    (Institute of National Economy, Bucharest)

  • Filofteia Panduru

    (National Institute of Statitics, Bucharest)

  • Daniel Verger

    (INSEE, Paris)


During the transition to the market economy, real earnings fell sharply. The existence of an underground economy generally deemed to have grown at a worryingly fast rate has had a strong effect on the (rising) level and distribution of income (increase in inequalities). The Communist regimes extensive housing estate building programme, mainly in the urban areas, gave virtually all Romanian citizens housing. These State-owned dwellings were sold to their tenants after 1989, such that 95% of households now own their own housing. However, the downturn in construction in the 1990s prompted a housing crisis. Housing conditions remain poor particularly in the rural areas. The frequency of poverty is particularly high in rural areas where a large proportion of households have low earnings, and sub-standard dwellings. A high percentage of urban households also have to deal with the pressure of growing financial difficulties due to unemployment and low pension payments.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

Volume (Year): 383-384-385 (2005)
Issue (Month): (December)
Pages: 193-217

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Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es383-384-385j

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Related research

Keywords: Multiple Dimensions of Poverty; Socialist Country in Transition; Romania;

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  1. Tomás Sobotka, 2003. "Re-Emerging Diversity: Rapid Fertility Changes in Central and Eastern Europe After the Collapse of the Communist Regimes," Population (english edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 58(4), pages 451-486.
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