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Entering The World of Work in Europe: Contrasting Situations

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  • Thomas Couppié

    (CEREQ)

  • Michèle Mansuy

    (INSEE)

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    Abstract

    The ways of entering the world of work vary considerably from one country to the next, even within Europe. Hence the transition from the education system to the world of work is not formalised everywhere in the same way. In France, it is seen as a complex, ongoing process. In Germany, it entails two distinct stages: access to a combined job/training contract followed by access to employment. Although young workers in Europe are in a less enviable professional position than their elders, the extent of this disadvantage fluctuates a great deal from one country to the next. In the twelve countries studied, the frequency of early work experiences before leaving the education system appears to narrow the unemployment risk gap between first jobbers and experienced workers. The opening up of a larger number of economic sectors to first jobbers appears to have the same effect.

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    File URL: http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/ES378-379h.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 378-379 (2005)
    Issue (Month): (July)
    Pages: 147-165

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es378-379h

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    Related research

    Keywords: Education; Experience; European Union; Unemployment;

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    References

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    1. Arrow, Kenneth J., 1973. "Higher education as a filter," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 193-216, July.
    2. Assar Lindbeck & Dennis J. Snower, 1989. "The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026262074x, December.
    3. Paul Ryan, 2001. "The School-to-Work Transition: A Cross-National Perspective: Corrigendum," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(3), pages 767-767, September.
    4. Lippman, Steven A. & McCall, John J., 1976. "Job search in a dynamic economy," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 365-390, June.
    5. Gérard Forgeot & Jérôme Gautié, 1997. "Insertion professionnelle des jeunes et processus de déclassement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 304(1), pages 53-74.
    6. Catherine Béduwé & Jean-François Giret, 2004. "Le travail en cours d'études a-t-il une valeur professionnelle ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 378(1), pages 55-83.
    7. Paul Ryan, 2001. "The School-to-Work Transition: A Cross-National Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(1), pages 34-92, March.
    8. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-90, October.
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