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Youth Employment at The Heart of Labour Market Dynamics


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  • Yannick Fondeur


  • Claude Minni


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    The analysis of youth employment cannot be limited to the identification of individual integration processes. Two other deciding factors also need to be taken into account: the effect of the economic situation and the influence of long-run changes on the labour market. In the first place, the youth employment rate overreacts to the economic situation. In addition to this indicator, the qualitative characteristics of jobs are highly sensitive to the economic situation, especially the extent of occupational downgrading, the nature of the contract and the wage. This extremely high sensitivity of youth employability conditions to the economic situation is due to the fact that, as new arrivals on the labour market, they are overrepresented among the candidates for recruitment. This also places them at the heart of structural changes to employment standards, which operate mainly via recruitment inflows. This second aspect is not unrelated to the economic aspect.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 378-379 (2005)
    Issue (Month): (July)
    Pages: 85-104

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es378-379e

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    Related research

    Keywords: Youth Employment; Overeducation; Fixed-Term Contracts; Business Cycle;

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    1. Abraham, Katharine G & Farber, Henry S, 1987. "Job Duration, Seniority, and Earnings," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 77(3), pages 278-97, June.
    2. Sicherman, Nachum, 1991. ""Overeducation" in the Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(2), pages 101-22, April.
    3. Gérard Forgeot & Jérôme Gautié, 1997. "Insertion professionnelle des jeunes et processus de déclassement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 304(1), pages 53-74.
    4. Emmanuelle Nauze-Fichet & Magda Tomasini, 2005. "Parcours des jeunes à la sortie du système éducatif et déclassement salarial," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 388(1), pages 57-83.
    5. Laurent Bisault & Dominique Goux & Vincent Destival, 1994. "Emploi et chômage des "non-qualifiés" en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 273(1), pages 17-27.
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