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The Productive Fabric: Renewal at the Bottom and Stability at the Top


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  • Claude Picart


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    The renewal of the productive fabric is central to the debate on the capacity of France and continental Europe to meet the challenge of innovation. Simultaneous observation of the group aspect and company aspect from 1985 to 2000 qualifies the usual observation of highly active renewal of the productive fabric in small enterprises in contrast with a relatively closed club of large groups. Groups took over the most buoyant companies whose growth was stimulated by their joining the group. This was particularly true of SMEs, especially when taken over by large groups. The growth of large groups was due to two contrasting movements: strong external growth generated by recent acquisitions (other groups, independent firms and firms sold by other groups) partially offset by internal job cuts. European groups rely much more on restructuring than new members for their reorganisation. This lack of openness in Europe contrasts with the USA.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

    Volume (Year): 371 (2004)
    Issue (Month): (December)
    Pages: 89-108

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    Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es371d

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    Keywords: Growth of Firms; Business Groups; Job Creation;

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    1. Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2003. "Promouvoir la croissance en Europe : vérités et mystifications," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 87(4), pages 203-226.
    2. Sapir, Andre & Aghion, Philippe & Bertola, Giuseppe & Hellwig, Martin & Pisani-Ferry, Jean & Rosati, Dariusz & Vinals, Jose & Wallace, Helen, 2004. "An Agenda for a Growing Europe: The Sapir Report," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199271498, Octomber.
    3. Daron Acemoglu & Philippe Aghion & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2002. "Vertical Integration and Distance to Frontier," NBER Working Papers 9191, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Cohen, Elie & Lorenzi, Jean-Hervé, 2000. "Politiques industrielles pour l'Europe," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/131, Paris Dauphine University.
    5. Batsch, Laurent, 1993. "La croissance des groupes industriels," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/1620, Paris Dauphine University.
    6. Olivier Blanchard, 2004. "The Economic Future of Europe," NBER Working Papers 10310, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Richard Duhautois, 2002. "Les réallocations d'emplois en France sont-elles en phase avec le cycle ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 351(1), pages 87-103.
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