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Income by Social Background


Author Info

  • Arnaud Lefranc

    (Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

  • Nicolas Pistolesi

    (Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

  • Alain Trannoy



Do executives children have a head start over manual employees children in terms of standard of living? This question calls for an analysis of the income distributions available to households by the family heads socio-economic group. These income distributions are like lotteries whose yield and risk are estimated based on five Family Budget survey waves from 1979 to 2000. We compare these lotteries to evaluate the extent of inequality of opportunities. The persistence of the inequality of income opportunities observed over the last two decades is due largely to deviations in expected income. Children of non-wage earners, especially farmers children, have better income prospects than before. Overall, the hierarchy of income by social background has changed little, but has narrowed. The findings therefore suggest a reduction in the extent of inequality of opportunities. This change in expected income is broken down between social mobility and income growth per socio-economic group.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

Volume (Year): 371 (2004)
Issue (Month): (December)
Pages: 49-88

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Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es371c

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Related research

Keywords: Income Inequality; Equality of Opportunity; Stochastic Dominance; France;

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  1. Gary Solon, 2002. "Cross-Country Differences in Intergenerational Earnings Mobility," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(3), pages 59-66, Summer.
  2. Daniel Verger & Nicolas Herpin, 1999. "Consommation et stratification sociale selon le profil d'emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 324(1), pages 57-74.
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