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The Economic Determinants of Entry Into the Civil Service

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Author Info

  • Denis Fougère

    (CNRS, CREST-INSEE, CEPR and IZA)

  • Julien Pouget

    (INSEE, Crest-INSEE and IZA)

Abstract

This paper sets out to explain the decision to enter the public sector. A simple choice-of-occupation model is used to show that the level of education is a greater deciding factor in access to public sector jobs than in access to private sector jobs, but that wage yields on education are lower in the public sector. The probability of applying to enter the civil service is extremely high for women and the less qualified. This finding can be explained by a high risk of unemployment, but more especially by the less attractive starting wage in the private sector. The probability of applying held steady at a very high level for the less qualified in the 1990s, while it followed the macroeconomic cycle for higher education graduates. The competitive exams are more selective in economic downturns. The estimates show that the civil service had great drawing power in the 1990s.

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File URL: http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/ES369-370b.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques in its journal Economie et Statistique.

Volume (Year): 369-370 (2003)
Issue (Month): (July)
Pages: 15-48

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Handle: RePEc:crs:ecosta:es369-370b

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Related research

Keywords: Public Employment; Public-private Wage Differential; Occupational Choice;

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