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Intergenerational Implications of Immigration Policy on Apprenticeship Training and the Educational Distribution in Canada

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  • James Ted McDonald
  • Christopher Worswick

Abstract

Using the 2006 Canadian census, we analyze the incidence and returns to apprenticeship credentials for immigrant and native-born men in Canada. Both immigrant men who arrived in Canada as children and first-generation Canadian-born men are more likely to have completed an apprenticeship if their father's generation of immigrant men in Canada (from the same source country) have a high probability of apprenticeship completion. The return to an apprenticeship (relative to high school only education) is found to result in approximately 13 percent higher earnings. A cross-cohort simulation suggests that long-run shifts in the source countries of immigrants to Canada are likely to lead to a reduction in the future fraction of school entry cohorts willing to undergo apprenticeship training.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Toronto Press in its journal Canadian Public Policy.

Volume (Year): 39 (2013)
Issue (Month): s1 (May)
Pages: 165-185

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Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:39:y:2013:i:s1:p:165-185

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  1. Arthur Sweetman & Gordon Dicks, 1999. "Education and Ethnicity in Canada: An Intergenerational Perspective," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(4), pages 668-696.
  2. David A. Green & Christopher Worswick, 2004. "Immigrant earnings profiles in the presence of human capital investment: measuring cohort and macro effects," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W04/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  3. Christopher Worswick, 2004. "Adaptation and inequality: children of immigrants in Canadian schools," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 37(1), pages 53-77, February.
  4. Abdurrahman Aydemir & Wen-Hao Chen & Miles Corak, 2005. "Intergenerational Earnings Mobility Among the Children of Canadian Immigrants," Labor and Demography, EconWPA 0511006, EconWPA.
  5. Paul Beaudry & David A. Green, 2000. "Cohort patterns in Canadian earnings: assessing the role of skill premia in inequality trends," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 907-936, November.
  6. Derek Hum & Wayne Simpson, 2007. "The legacy of immigration: labour market performance and education in the second generation," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(15), pages 1985-2009.
  7. Abdurrahman Aydemir & Wen-Hao Chen & Miles Corak, 2013. "Intergenerational Education Mobility among the Children of Canadian Immigrants," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 39(s1), pages 107-122, May.
  8. Charles Beach & Alan G. Green & Christopher Worswick, 2006. "Impacts of the Point System and Immigration Policy Levers on Skill Characteristics of Canadian Immigrants," Working Papers, Queen's University, Department of Economics 1115, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
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